NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: Wed Jan 26 07:29:34 2022 PDT
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Classifications for MESSIER 031

198 Classifications found in NED

   MESSIER 031


Published NED Homogenized
Classification Reference Code Classification Flag Bandpass Region Notes
Hierarchy
T
1937AnLun...6....1H
 i  in a triple
...
Optical
Environment
see HOLM 017
T
1988AISAO..26...42K
 i  in a triple
...
Optical
Environment
see KTG 01
GR
1993A&AS..100...47G
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see GG 011
GM
1984TarOT..73....1V
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see VNK.001B
GM
1979AN....300..181K
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see Local GROUP
GM
1982ApJ...257..423H
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see [HG82] 63
G1
2005AJ....129..178K
 i  Brightest group member
...
Optical
Environment
see Andromeda Group
Kinematics
HI line width
1975MNRAS.170..503D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.708; [w = 510 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1980A&AS...40..215C
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.732; [w = 539 km/s]
2: HI line width measured at 25% of maximum
HI line width
1979A&A....75...19B
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.658; [w = 454 km/s]
0: undefined level for HI line width
HI line width
1975MNRAS.170..503D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.710; [w = 512 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1975MNRAS.170..503D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.714; [w = 517 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1975MNRAS.170..503D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.728; [w = 534 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
Luminosity Class
3.0
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  LC II
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Sb I-II
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  LC I-II
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S 3 1.5]
Galaxy Morphology
SA(s)b
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  SA(s)b
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [.SAS3..]
Sb
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  Sb
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S 3 1.5]
Sb
1973UGC...C...0000N
 i  Sb
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
4
1975SoByu..47...43A
 i  star-like nucleus (slightly resolved)
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
3
2000ApJ...533..744T
 i  Sb
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Sb
1979AISAO..11....3K
 i  Sb
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Distance Indicator
Tully-Fisher
2002ApJ...565..681R
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.32 +/- 0.16 mag
D = .731 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 25.14 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 1.07 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 25.03 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 1.01 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.79 +/- 0.47 mag
D = .907 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2002ApJ...565..681R
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.59 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .828 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1994ApJ...430...53P
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.3 mag
D = .794 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2009AJ....138..323T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.35 mag
D = .791 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1988NBGC.C....0000T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.23 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 0.7 Mpc
TRGB
1986ApJ...305..591M
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.25 mag
D = .759 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 25.01 +/- 0.17 mag
D = 1 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.86 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .938 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.8 +/- 0.13 mag
D = .912 Mpc
TRGB
2010ApJ...708.1168T
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.73 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .883 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.64 +/- 0.19 mag
D = .847 Mpc
TRGB
1995AJ....109.2050C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.6 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .832 Mpc
TRGB
1995AJ....109.2050C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.55 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .813 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.53 +/- 0.09 mag
D = .805 Mpc
TRGB
2010ApJ...708.1168T
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.51 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .798 Mpc
TRGB
1994MNRAS.271..852M
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .794 Mpc
TRGB
1995AJ....109.2050C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .794 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.23 mag
D = .791 Mpc
TRGB
2005MNRAS.356..979M
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.07 mag
D = .785 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.07 mag
D = .783 Mpc
TRGB
2010ApJ...708.1168T
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 mag
D = .783 Mpc
TRGB
2004ApJ...608...42S
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .783 Mpc
TRGB
2001AJ....121.2557D
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .783 Mpc
TRGB
2012ApJ...758...11C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .782 Mpc
TRGB
2012ApJ...758...11C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .781 Mpc
TRGB
2012ApJ...758...11C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .779 Mpc
TRGB
1995AJ....109.2050C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .776 Mpc
TRGB
2012ApJ...758...11C
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 +/- 0.06 mag
D = .775 Mpc
TRGB
1993ApJ...417..553L
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 mag
D = .773 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.42 +/- 0.22 mag
D = .766 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.57 mag
D = .759 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.39 +/- 0.09 mag
D = .755 Mpc
TRGB
2007ApJ...661..815R
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.37 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .748 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.35 +/- 0.32 mag
D = .741 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.31 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .728 Mpc
TRGB
1994MNRAS.271..852M
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.3 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .724 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.23 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .701 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.18 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .685 Mpc
TRGB
2006MNRAS.371.1983M
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24 +/- 0.2 mag
D = 0.63 Mpc
TRGB
1998AJ....115.1916H
 i  TRGB
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 23.98 +/- 0.17 mag
D = .625 Mpc
SBF
1998ApJ...505..111J
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .752 Mpc
SBF
2003ApJ...583..712J
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.24 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .705 Mpc
SBF
1991ApJ...373L...1T
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.08 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
SBF
1993ApJ...419..479C
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.12 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
SBF
1994ApJ...433..567P
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 +/- 0.09 mag
D = .773 Mpc
SBF
1997ApJ...475..399T
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.43 +/- 0.08 mag
D = 0.77 Mpc
SBF
1998ApJ...505..111J
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.43 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .769 Mpc
SBF
2001ApJ...546..681T
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .759 Mpc
SBF
1997AJ....114..626A
 i  SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.39 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .755 Mpc
S Doradus Stars
1989A&A...217...87W
 i  S Doradus Stars
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 mag
D = .759 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2010ApJ...708..817F
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.19 mag
D = .791 Mpc
RR Lyrae
1988ApJ...331..135P
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.23 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .701 Mpc
RR Lyrae
1987ARA&A..25..345F
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.23 mag
D = .701 Mpc
RR Lyrae
1987ApJ...316..517P
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.35 +/- 0.15 mag
D = 0.74 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2011AJ....141..171J
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.36 +/- 0.4 mag
D = .745 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2011AJ....141..171J
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.27 mag
D = .752 Mpc
RR Lyrae
1992MmSAI..63..331L
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 mag
D = .773 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2009AJ....138..184S
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.11 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2004AJ....127.2738B
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.48 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .787 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2011AJ....141..171J
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.48 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .787 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2011AJ....141..171J
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.17 mag
D = .791 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2004AJ....127.2738B
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .794 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2004AJ....127.2738B
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.51 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .798 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2011AJ....141..171J
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.52 +/- 0.19 mag
D = .802 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2009ApJ...704L.103C
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.52 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .802 Mpc
RR Lyrae
1994ApJ...426..542G
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.54 +/- 0.07 mag
D = .809 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2010ApJ...708..817F
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.59 +/- 0.19 mag
D = .828 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2008ApJ...679...52T
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.6 mag
D = .832 Mpc
RR Lyrae
2010ApJ...708..817F
 i  RR Lyrae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.64 +/- 0.19 mag
D = .847 Mpc
Red Clump
2011ApJ...727...55M
 i  Red Clump
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .776 Mpc
Red Clump
1998ApJ...503L.131S
 i  Red Clump
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.04 mag
D = .784 Mpc
PNLF
1989ApJ...339...53C
 i  PNLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.3 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .724 Mpc
PNLF
1992ApJ...389...27D
 i  PNLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.14 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .673 Mpc
PNLF
1993ApJ...419..479C
 i  PNLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.06 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
PNLF
2002ApJ...577...31C
 i  PNLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.36 +/- 0.13 mag
D = .745 Mpc
Novae
1989AJ.....97.1622C
 i  Novae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.27 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .714 Mpc
Novae
1985ApJ...292...90C
 i  Novae
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.35 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .741 Mpc
IRAS
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  IRAS
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 27.24 +/- 0.8 mag
D = 2.8 Mpc
Horizontal Branch
1995AJ....109.2050C
 i  Horizontal Branch
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.6 mag
D = .759 Mpc
HII region diameter
1982AN....303..329O
 i  HII region diameter
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.31 +/- 0.18 mag
D = .728 Mpc
HII region diameter
1985Ap&SS.113..317I
 i  HII region diameter
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 23.22 +/- 0.11 mag
D = 0.44 Mpc
HII region diameter
1981AN....302..251I
 i  HII region diameter
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 mag
D = 0.76 Mpc
GCLF
1994AJ....107..555R
 i  GCLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.6 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .832 Mpc
GCLF
1997ApJ...487..667O
 i  GCLF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.03 +/- 0.23 mag
D = 0.64 Mpc
GC SBF
1996AJ....111.1110A
 i  GC SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.56 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .817 Mpc
GC SBF
1996AJ....111.1110A
 i  GC SBF
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.6 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .832 Mpc
GC K vs. (J-K)
1984ApJ...286..209S
 i  GC K vs. (J-K)
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.19 mag
D = .689 Mpc
GC FP
2009AJ....138..547S
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.57 +/- 0.05 mag
D = 0.82 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.74 mag
D = .887 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.81 mag
D = .916 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 25.04 mag
D = 1.02 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 23.92 mag
D = .608 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.54 mag
D = .809 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 23.59 mag
D = .522 Mpc
GC FP
1992A&A...254...93P
 i  GC FP
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .759 Mpc
FGLR
2008ApJ...681..269K
 i  FGLR
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 mag
D = .783 Mpc
Eclipsing Binary
2010A&A...509A..70V
 i  Eclipsing Binary
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.3 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .724 Mpc
Eclipsing Binary
2010A&A...509A..70V
 i  Eclipsing Binary
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.36 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .745 Mpc
Eclipsing Binary
2005ApJ...635L..37R
 i  Eclipsing Binary
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .772 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.41 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .762 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.39 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .755 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.37 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .748 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.35 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .741 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.32 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .731 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.25 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .708 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.22 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .698 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.13 +/- 0.13 mag
D = 0.67 Mpc
CMD
2010MNRAS.401..533M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.06 mag
D = .631 Mpc
CMD
2010MNRAS.401..533M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 23.91 +/- 0.06 mag
D = .605 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.57 +/- 0.2 mag
D = 0.82 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .791 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .783 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .776 Mpc
CMD
2011A&A...531A.155P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 mag
D = .776 Mpc
CMD
2010PASP..122.1164M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .773 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.43 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .769 Mpc
CMD
2011A&A...531A.155P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.43 mag
D = .769 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.43 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .769 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.42 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .766 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.42 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .765 Mpc
CMD
2007ApJ...655L..85M
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.41 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .762 Mpc
CMD
2009A&A...507.1375P
 i  CMD
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.4 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .759 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .752 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...548..564W
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.37 +/- 0.07 mag
D = 0.75 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.37 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .748 Mpc
Cepheids
1990ApJ...365..186F
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.33 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .735 Mpc
Cepheids
2007A&A...473..847V
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.32 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .731 Mpc
Cepheids
1997ApJ...491...13K
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.3 +/- 0.03 mag
D = .724 Mpc
Cepheids
1963AJ.....68..435B
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.26 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .711 Mpc
Cepheids
1986ApJ...305..583W
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.26 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .711 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.24 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .705 Mpc
Cepheids
1963AJ.....68..435B
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.2 +/- 0.14 mag
D = .692 Mpc
Cepheids
2010ApJ...715..277B
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.16 +/- 0.25 mag
D = .679 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.15 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .676 Mpc
Cepheids
1998AJ....115.1016K
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.05 +/- 0.15 mag
D = .646 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...549..721M
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 25.23 +/- 0.17 mag
D = 1.11 Mpc
Cepheids
1988PASP..100..935S
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.95 mag
D = .977 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...549..721M
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.94 +/- 0.09 mag
D = .973 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.92 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .964 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.73 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .883 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.7 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .871 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.65 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .851 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.63 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .843 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.62 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .839 Mpc
Cepheids
1998A&A...339..671P
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.6 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .832 Mpc
Cepheids
1997AJ....113...13B
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.59 +/- 0.02 mag
D = .828 Mpc
Cepheids
1990ApJ...365..186F
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.58 +/- 0.12 mag
D = .824 Mpc
Cepheids
1994ApJ...426..542G
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.57 +/- 0.05 mag
D = 0.82 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.56 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .817 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.54 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .809 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...549..721M
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.54 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .809 Mpc
Cepheids
2006ApJS..165..108S
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.54 +/- 0.07 mag
D = .809 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.52 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .802 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .794 Mpc
Cepheids
2002A&A...389...19P
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.08 mag
D = .794 Mpc
Cepheids
1991MNRAS.250..438M
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.5 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .794 Mpc
Cepheids
2003A&A...402..113J
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.49 +/- 0.11 mag
D = .791 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...553...47F
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.48 +/- 0.05 mag
D = 0.79 Mpc
Cepheids
2002A&A...389...19P
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.23 mag
D = .783 Mpc
Cepheids
1997ApJ...491...13K
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.47 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .783 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.46 +/- 0.2 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
Cepheids
2002A&A...389...19P
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 +/- 0.07 mag
D = .773 Mpc
Cepheids
1991PASP..103..933M
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.44 +/- 0.1 mag
D = 0.77 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.42 +/- 0.1 mag
D = .766 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.42 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .766 Mpc
Cepheids
2011ApJ...743...19C
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.41 +/- 0.2 mag
D = .762 Mpc
Cepheids
2010A&A...512A..66J
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.41 +/- 0.21 mag
D = .762 Mpc
Cepheids
1990ApJ...365..186F
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.41 +/- 0.09 mag
D = .762 Mpc
Cepheids
1995AJ....109.2480B
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .752 Mpc
Cepheids
2001ApJ...553...47F
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.05 mag
D = 0.75 Mpc
Cepheids
2012ApJ...745..156R
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.06 mag
D = .752 Mpc
Cepheids
2004ApJ...608...42S
 i  Cepheids
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.38 +/- 0.05 mag
D = .752 Mpc
Carbon Stars
1990ApJ...355..448R
 i  Carbon Stars
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.45 +/- 0.15 mag
D = 0.78 Mpc
Carbon Stars
1995AJ....109.2480B
 i  Carbon Stars
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 24.36 +/- 0.03 mag
D = .745 Mpc


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