NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: Sun May 26 07:19:11 2019 PDT
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Classifications for MESSIER 088

71 Classifications found in NED

   MESSIER 088


Published NED Homogenized
Classification Reference Code Classification Flag Bandpass Region Notes
Hierarchy
RG
1998Afz....41..308M
 i  in a radial-velocity based grouping
...
Optical
Environment
see [M98j] 174
GR
1993A&AS..100...47G
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see GG 285
GR
1982A&AS...47..505K
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see VIRGO CLUSTER
GR
1988NBGC.C....0000T
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see NBGC 11-01
GR
1992A&AS...93..211F
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see VIRGO M GROUP
GM
1983ApJS...52...61G
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see [GH83] 106
GM
1976ApJS...32..409T
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see TG.057
GM
1998Afz....41..308M
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see [M98j] 174
GM
1985AJ.....90.1681B
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see VIRGO CLUSTER
GM
1975SSS.....9..557d
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see G18 = Virgo I (S) GROUP
GM
1982ApJ...257..423H
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see [HG82] 41
Kinematics
HI line width
1990AJ....100..604C
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.750; [w = 562 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
2005ApJS..160..149S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.721; [w = 526 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
2005ApJS..160..149S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.701; [w = 502 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1983AJ.....88..881G
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.733; [w = 540 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1976A&A....46..381H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.723; [w = 528 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1976A&A....46..381H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.703; [w = 504 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1976A&A....46..381H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.695; [w = 495 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1976A&A....46..381H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.699; [w = 500 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.735; [w = 543 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.720; [w = 524 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.709; [w = 511 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1981ApJS...47..139F
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.738; [w = 547 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1981ApJS...47..139F
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.708; [w = 510 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1984ApJS...55..433H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.707; [w = 509 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1984ApJS...55..433H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.732; [w = 539 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1988A&AS...72...19W
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.763; [w = 579 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1988A&AS...72...19W
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.720; [w = 524 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1988ApJ...335..104M
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.729; [w = 535 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1990AJ....100..604C
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.713; [w = 516 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
Luminosity Class
3.0
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  LC II
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Sbc(s) II
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  LC II
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S S4 2.0]
Galaxy Morphology
SA(rs)b
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  SA(rs)b
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [.SAT3..]
Sbc(s)
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  S(s)bc
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S S4 2.0]
Sb/Sc
1973UGC...C...0000N
 i  Sbc
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
AC 09
1987ApJ...314....3E
 i  Arm Class 09
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
p
2008AJ....136..773F
 i  pseudo-bulge
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
nS
2008AJ....136..773F
 i  nuclear spiral
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
4
1975SoByu..47...43A
 i  star-like nucleus (slightly resolved)
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
AN
1973PASP...85..103S
 i  Amorphous Nucleus
...
Optical
Nucleus
...
vsN
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  very small nucleus
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
many knotty arms
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  many knotty arms
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
filamentary arms
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  filamentary arms
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
dark lanes
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  dark lanes
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
BN
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  bright nucleus
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
p
2008AJ....136..773F
 i  pseudo bulge
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Activity Type
S2
2006A&A...455..773V
 i  Sy 2
...
Optical
Nucleus
No broad component visible
Relevant reference: 1986A&AS...66..335V
Distance Indicator
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 32.09 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 26.2 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997A&A...323...14S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.11 +/- 0.92 mag
D = 16.7 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1988NBGC.C....0000T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.13 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 16.8 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997A&A...323...14S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.2 +/- 0.7 mag
D = 17.4 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2002ApJ...565..681R
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.31 mag
D = 18.3 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2009AJ....138..323T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.35 +/- 0.35 mag
D = 18.6 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2012ApJ...758L..12S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.58 +/- 0.42 mag
D = 20.7 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2009ApJS..182..474S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.59 +/- 0.39 mag
D = 20.8 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2009ApJS..182..474S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.61 +/- 0.39 mag
D = 21 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.79 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 22.8 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.89 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 23.9 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2000A&A...355..835E
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.98 +/- 0.3 mag
D = 24.9 Mpc
SNIa
2006ApJ...645..488W
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.12 +/- 0.24 mag
D = 10.5 Mpc
SNIa
2010ApJ...716..712A
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.35 +/- 0.26 mag
D = 11.7 Mpc
SNIa
2007ApJ...659..122J
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.6 +/- 0.16 mag
D = 13 Mpc
SNIa
2008ApJ...689..377W
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.77 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 14.1 Mpc
SNIa
2000ApJ...539..658K
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.83 +/- 0.6 mag
D = 14.5 Mpc
SNIa
2005ApJ...624..532R
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.93 +/- 0.3 mag
D = 15.3 Mpc
SNIa
2011ApJ...731..120M
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.94 +/- 0.05 mag
D = 15.3 Mpc
SNIa
2006AJ....131.1639K
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.96 +/- 0.2 mag
D = 15.6 Mpc
SNIa
2009ApJ...704..629M
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.99 +/- 0.08 mag
D = 15.7 Mpc
SNIa
2008ApJ...686..749K
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.62 +/- 0.26 mag
D = 20.9 Mpc
SNIa
2008MNRAS.389.1577T
 i  SNIa
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 32.83 +/- 0.17 mag
D = 36.8 Mpc
IRAS
1997ApJS..109..333W
 i  IRAS
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.43 +/- 0.8 mag
D = 19.3 Mpc


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