NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: Sun May 26 07:51:53 2019 PDT
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Classifications for MESSIER 108

47 Classifications found in NED

   MESSIER 108


Published NED Homogenized
Classification Reference Code Classification Flag Bandpass Region Notes
Hierarchy
I
1973AISAO...8....3K
 i  Isolated galaxy
...
Optical
Environment
see KIG 0469
GR
1988NBGC.C....0000T
 i  Group member, radial-velocity confirmed
...
Optical
Environment
see NBGC 12-00
GM
1983ApJS...52...61G
 i  Group member
...
Optical
Environment
see [GH83] 094
FL
1976ApJS...32..409T
 i  Field galaxy
...
Optical
Environment
see NGC 3556
Kinematics
HI line width
1985A&A...143..216H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.531; [w = 339 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
2005ApJS..160..149S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.533; [w = 341 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
2005ApJS..160..149S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.493; [w = 311 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1980A&AS...41..189R
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.519; [w = 330 km/s]
2: HI line width measured at 25% of maximum
HI line width
1967ApJ...150....9R
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.530; [w = 338 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1967ApJ...150....9R
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.479; [w = 301 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1967ApJ...150....9R
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.458; [w = 287 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1975ApJ...198..527S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.512; [w = 325 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1975ApJ...198..527S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.497; [w = 314 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1975ApJ...198..527S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.490; [w = 309 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1975ApJ...198..527S
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.530; [w = 338 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.525; [w = 334 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.489; [w = 308 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1977A&A....54..661T
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.474; [w = 297 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1979A&AS...35..163A
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.522; [w = 332 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1979A&AS...35..163A
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.511; [w = 324 km/s]
4: HI line width measured at 40% of maximum
HI line width
1979A&AS...35..163A
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.493; [w = 311 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1981ApJS...47..139F
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.522; [w = 332 km/s]
1: HI line width measured at 20% of maximum
HI line width
1981ApJS...47..139F
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.481; [w = 302 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
HI line width
1983ApJS...53..269D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.555; [w = 358 km/s]
7: HI line width measured at 25% of the mean
HI line width
1983ApJS...53..269D
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.539; [w = 345 km/s]
7: HI line width measured at 25% of the mean
HI line width
1985A&A...143..216H
 i  HI line width
...
Radio
Galaxy
From HyperLEDA (Sept. 2010):
log(w) = 2.489; [w = 308 km/s]
5: HI line width measured at 50% of maximum
Luminosity Class
6.0
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  LC III-IV
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Sc(s) III
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  LC III
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S S5 3.0]
Galaxy Morphology
SB(s)cd edge-on
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
 i  SB(s)cd edge-on
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [.SBS6./]
Sc(s)
1981RSA...C...0000S
 i  S(s)c
...
Optical
Galaxy
Code: [S S5 3.0]
Sc
1973UGC...C...0000N
 i  Sc
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
2
1975SoByu..47...43A
 i  flat central luminosity profile
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
multi-armed spiral
1994CAG1..B...0000S
 i  multi-armed spiral
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
edge-on
1994CAG1..B...0000S
 i  edge-on
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
several complex arms
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  several complex arms
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
P
2011ApJ...733L..47F
 i  pseudo bulge
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
partially resolved arms
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  partially resolved arms
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
not very bright bar
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  not very bright bar
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
many dark lanes on one side
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  many dark lanes on one side
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
end-on bar
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  end-on bar
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
broad bar
1964RC1...C...0000d
 i  broad bar
...
Optical
Galaxy
...
Distance Indicator
Tully-Fisher
2009ApJS..182..474S
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.47 +/- 0.1 mag
D = 12.4 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1988NBGC.C....0000T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.74 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 14.1 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2011A&A...532A.104N
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 29.6 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 8.3 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
2009AJ....138..323T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.14 +/- 0.35 mag
D = 10.7 Mpc
Tully-Fisher
1992ApJS...80..479T
 i  Tully-Fisher
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 31.43 +/- 0.4 mag
D = 19.3 Mpc
Sosies
2002A&A...393...57T
 i  Sosies
...
Optical
Galaxy
(m-M) = 30.9 +/- 0.47 mag
D = 15.1 Mpc


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