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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-24 T00:19:41 PDT
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Diameter data point(s) for object MESSIER 032

Diameter Data --- Published and Homogenized (arcsec) Units

  Published UnitsHomogenized Units
No.Observed Passband
REFCODE
Major Axis
(2a)
Major Axis UnitsMinor Axis
(2b)
Minor Axis UnitsAxis Ratio (b/a)Major Axis Unc.Ellipticity
(1 - b/a)
Eccentricity
[(a/b)2-1]/
[(a/b)2+1]
Position Angle
(deg)
[published]
Reference LevelFrequency (Hz)Major Axis
(2a)
(arcsec)
Major Axis Unc.Axis Ratio (b/a)Ellipticity
(1 - b/a)
Eccentricity
[(a/b)2-1]/
[(a/b)2+1]
cos-1(b/a)
(deg)
Position Angle
(deg)
[J2000]
1 POSS1 103a-O
1973UGC...C...0000N
11.00 arcmin 7.00 arcmin ... ... ... ... 170
[B1950]
About 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 7.40E+14 660.00 ... 0.64 0.36 0.42 51 170
[J2000]
2 POSS1 103a-O
1964MCG2..C...0000V
3.00 arcmin 3.00 arcmin ... ... ... ... ... Very high surface brightness 7.40E+14 180.00 ... 1.00 0.00 0.00 0 ...
3 POSS1 103a-O
1964MCG2..C...0000V
5.00 arcmin 5.00 arcmin ... ... ... ... ... Very low surface brightness 7.40E+14 300.00 ... 1.00 0.00 0.00 0 ...
4 RC3 D_25, R_25 (blue)
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
1.94 log(2a) + 1 ... ... 0.13
log(a/b)
0.02 ... ... 170
[J2000]
25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 6.81E+14 522.60 24.60 0.74 0.26 0.29 42 170
[J2000]
5 RC3 A_e (Johnson B)
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
1.08 log(2a) + 1 ... ... ... 0.01 ... ... ... ... 6.81E+14 72.10 1.70 ... ... ... ... ...
6 RC3 D_0 (blue)
1991RC3.9.C...0000d
1.96 log(2a) + 1 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 6.81E+14 547.20 ... ... ... ... ... ...
7 K_s (LGA/2MASS isophotal)
2003AJ....125..525J
147.4 (a) arcsec ... ... 0.870 (b/a) ... ... ... -15.0
[J2000]
20.0 K-mag arcsec^-2^ 1.38E+14 294.80 ... 0.87 0.13 0.14 30 165
[J2000]
8 K_s (LGA/2MASS "total")
2003AJ....125..525J
229.2 (a) arcsec ... ... 0.870 (b/a) ... ... ... -15.0
[J2000]
Diameter for "total" magnitude 1.38E+14 458.40 ... 0.87 0.13 0.14 30 165
[J2000]


Detailed Information for Each Entry

 No. 1
                                Published Units:                    Homogenized Units:

Reference Code                : 1973UGC...C...0000N
Published Object Name         : UGC 00452                     
Frequency Targeted            : POSS1 103a-O                  
Major Axis (2a)               : 11.00      arcmin                   2a = 660.00 arcsec
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ... 
Minor Axis (2b)               : 2b =  7.00      arcmin              2b = 420.00 arcsec 
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ...
Axis Ratio                    : ...                                 b/a = 0.64
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ...
Ellipticity                   : ...                                 1 - b/a = 0.36
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ...
Eccentricity                  : ...                                 [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.42
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ...
Cos-1(b/a)                    : ...                                 51 deg
Position Angle [Equinox]      : 170    deg [B1950]                  170 deg [J2000]
Uncertainty                   : ...                                 ...
Significance                  : No uncertainty reported
Diameter Reference Level      : About 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^   
Frequency                     : 4050         A                      7.40E+14 Hz
Frequency Mode                : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate)

Measurement Mode               
    Detector Type             : Photographic plate, print, or film
    Fitting Technique         : Eye estimate
    Measured Quantity         : "Outer" diameter
Coordinates Targeted          : 003954.         +403600.    (B1950)
Qualifiers                    : From new, raw data
NED Comment                   : Diameters flagged uncertain.            

No. 2 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 1964MCG2..C...0000V Published Object Name : MCG +07-02-015 Frequency Targeted : POSS1 103a-O Major Axis (2a) : 3.00 arcmin 2a = 180.00 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Minor Axis (2b) : 2b = 3.00 arcmin 2b = 180.00 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : ... b/a = 1.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... 1 - b/a = 0.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... 0 deg Position Angle [Equinox] : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : No uncertainty reported Diameter Reference Level : Very high surface brightness Frequency : 4050 A 7.40E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Photographic plate, print, or film Fitting Technique : Eye estimate Measured Quantity : "Inner" diameter Coordinates Targeted : 004000 +4035 (B1950) Qualifiers : From new, raw data NED Comment :
No. 3 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 1964MCG2..C...0000V Published Object Name : MCG +07-02-015 Frequency Targeted : POSS1 103a-O Major Axis (2a) : 5.00 arcmin 2a = 300.00 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Minor Axis (2b) : 2b = 5.00 arcmin 2b = 300.00 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : ... b/a = 1.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... 1 - b/a = 0.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.00 Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... 0 deg Position Angle [Equinox] : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : No uncertainty reported Diameter Reference Level : Very low surface brightness Frequency : 4050 A 7.40E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Photographic plate, print, or film Fitting Technique : Eye estimate Measured Quantity : "Outer" diameter Coordinates Targeted : 004000 +4035 (B1950) Qualifiers : From new, raw data NED Comment :
No. 4 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 1991RC3.9.C...0000d Published Object Name : UGC 00452 Frequency Targeted : RC3 D_25, R_25 (blue) Major Axis (2a) : log(2a) + 1 = 1.94 2a = 522.60 arcsec Uncertainty : 0.02 24.60 arcsec Minor Axis (2b) : ... 2b = 387.25 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : log(a/b) = 0.13 b/a = 0.74 Uncertainty : 0.02 0.04 Ellipticity : ... 1 - b/a = 0.26 Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.29 Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... 42 deg Position Angle [Equinox] : 170 deg [J2000] 170 deg [J2000] Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : Mean error Diameter Reference Level : 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ Frequency : 4400 A 6.81E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Photographic plate, print, or film Fitting Technique : Eye estimate Measured Quantity : Isophotal diameter Coordinates Targeted : 004241.9 +405155. (J2000) Qualifiers : Homogenized from previously published data NED Comment :
No. 5 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 1991RC3.9.C...0000d Published Object Name : UGC 00452 Frequency Targeted : RC3 A_e (Johnson B) Major Axis (2a) : log(2a) + 1 = 1.08 2a = 72.10 arcsec Uncertainty : 0.01 1.70 arcsec Minor Axis (2b) : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... ... Position Angle [Equinox] : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : Mean error Diameter Reference Level : ... Frequency : 4400 A 6.81E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Photographic plate, print, or film Fitting Technique : Eye estimate Measured Quantity : Isophotal diameter Coordinates Targeted : 004241.9 +405155. (J2000) Qualifiers : From new, raw data NED Comment : From magnitude-aperture curves.
No. 6 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 1991RC3.9.C...0000d Published Object Name : UGC 00452 Frequency Targeted : RC3 D_0 (blue) Major Axis (2a) : log(2a) + 1 = 1.96 2a = 547.20 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Minor Axis (2b) : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... ... Position Angle [Equinox] : ... ... Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : No uncertainty reported Diameter Reference Level : 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ Frequency : 4400 A 6.81E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Photographic plate, print, or film Fitting Technique : Eye estimate Measured Quantity : Isophotal diameter Coordinates Targeted : 004241.9 +405155. (J2000) Qualifiers : Homogenized from previously published data NED Comment : Extinction and inclination corrected.
No. 7 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 2003AJ....125..525J Published Object Name : MESSIER 032 Frequency Targeted : K_s (LGA/2MASS isophotal) Major Axis (2a) : a = 147.4 arcsec 2a = 294.80 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Minor Axis (2b) : ... 2b = 256.48 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : b/a = 0.870 b/a = 0.87 Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... 1 - b/a = 0.13 Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.14 Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... 30 deg Position Angle [Equinox] : -15.0 deg [J2000] 165 deg [J2000] Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : No uncertainty reported Diameter Reference Level : 20.0 K-mag arcsec^-2^ Frequency : 2.17 microns 1.38E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Maps (e.g., 2MASS, VLA, Sloan) Fitting Technique : Ellipse fitting to image Measured Quantity : Isophotal diameter Qualifiers : A radius is given in DIA_MAJ, not a diameter Coordinates Targeted : 10.674270 40.865170 (J2000) Qualifiers : From new, raw data NED Comment :
No. 8 Published Units: Homogenized Units: Reference Code : 2003AJ....125..525J Published Object Name : MESSIER 032 Frequency Targeted : K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") Major Axis (2a) : a = 229.2 arcsec 2a = 458.40 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Minor Axis (2b) : ... 2b = 398.81 arcsec Uncertainty : ... ... Axis Ratio : b/a = 0.870 b/a = 0.87 Uncertainty : ... ... Ellipticity : ... 1 - b/a = 0.13 Uncertainty : ... ... Eccentricity : ... [(a/b)2-1]/[(a/b)2+1] = 0.14 Uncertainty : ... ... Cos-1(b/a) : ... 30 deg Position Angle [Equinox] : -15.0 deg [J2000] 165 deg [J2000] Uncertainty : ... ... Significance : No uncertainty reported Diameter Reference Level : Diameter for "total" magnitude Frequency : 2.17 microns 1.38E+14 Hz Frequency Mode : Broad-band detector (e.g. photographic plate) Measurement Mode Detector Type : Maps (e.g., 2MASS, VLA, Sloan) Fitting Technique : Ellipse fitting to image Measured Quantity : Isophotal diameter Qualifiers : A radius is given in DIA_MAJ, not a diameter Coordinates Targeted : 10.674270 40.865170 (J2000) Qualifiers : From new, raw data NED Comment :

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