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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-25 T11:14:31 PDT
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For refcode 1988A&A...195...76B:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
1988A&A...195...76B Population synthesis in galactic nuclei using a library of star clusters E. Bicu Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon Principal Cedex, France Received June 15, accepted October 9, 1987 Summary. Population syntheses for normal nuclei in E/S0 and spiral galaxies are derived using a library of star clusters. This method allows one to determine the chemical enrichment and to date successive generations of star formation. Thus it is more than a simple population synthesis, providing for the first time a direct estimate of the chemical evolution in these nuclei. For the E/S0 groups following the normal metallicity vs luminosity relationship, the last generation of stars in the nucleus has reached a metallicity 4 times solar for M_B_= -22 and 0.5 to 0.3 solar for M_B_= -18. The bulk of the population is older than 10 Gyr but these galaxies have formed stars at least until look-back times of ~5 Gyr. Some metallicity dispersion is detected within the nuclei: in the most metal rich group, around 10% of the optical flux arises from populations with metallicities lower than solar. For the relatively less numerous bluer E/S0 groups, younger age components are present, which we have been able to isolate and date. The red spiral groups also form a metallicity sequence which is related to the bulge luminosity, spanning metallicities from a factor 4 solar to solar. Finally, the groups of bluer spiral nuclei contain younger age components superimposed on an older population, which has reached at least the solar metallicity. The relative importance of the star formation bursts with respect to the older population is derived: in the bluest group, with NGC 5236 as a prototype, the population younger than 3 10^8^ yr amounts to 87% of the flux at 4000 A and 57% at 9000 A. The present method constitutes a powerful tool for the interpretation of composite spectra and will certainly have many applications in the study of large redshift galaxies. Key words: galaxies: evolution of - galaxies: stellar content of - galaxies: general - galaxies: nuclei of
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