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For refcode 1991AJ....102..572E:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
1991AJ....102..572E THE NEUTRAL HYDROGEN CONTENT OF EARLY TYPE DISK GALAXIES J. EDER Astronomy Department, Yale University, Box 6666, New Haven, Connecticut 06511 and Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road, N.W., Washington, DC 20015 R. GIOVANELLI National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Arecibo Observatory, Arecibo, P.O. Box 995, Arecibo, Puerto Rico 00613 M. P. HAYNES Center for Radiophysics and Space Research and National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 Received 10 December 1990; revised 12 April 1991 ABSTRACT This paper presents the results of a sensitive 21 cm survey of massive early type galaxies made with the Arecibo radio telescope. Of the 81 galaxies observed, the detections comprise 48% of the S0's, 73% of the S0a's, and 96% of the Sa's. Only a few of the detections would have been missed by previous surveys due to extraordinarily wide spectral line profiles, so it is unlikely that a significant population of massive galaxies have gone undetected due to this intrumental selection effect. The relatively high detection rate enabled the large range in neutral hydrogen content found for S0 galaxies to be investigated. The values of the hybrid, distance-independent H I surface densities of the S0 galaxies in our sample ranged continuously from amounts comparable to the most gas-rich Sa galaxies to low estimated upper limits of the H I content. CCD images of most of the gas-rich S0's revealed either faint spiral features or patchy structure in the disks. While no firm correlation between H I content and environmental density is apparent for the galaxies in our sample, two- sample statistics suggest a difference between the highest and the lowest density bins. Early type disk galaxies within low density environments tend to have higher gas surface densities than those within high density environments.
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