NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-20 T02:11:29 PDT
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For refcode 1992ApJ...395..366S:
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1992ApJ...395..366S EXPANDING PHOTOSPHERES OF TYPE II SUPERNOVAE AND THE EXTRAGALACTIC DISTANCE SCALE BRIAN P. SCHMIDT AND ROBERT P. KIRSHNER Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 AND RONALD G. EASTMAN Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; and Board of Studies in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Lick Observatory, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Received 1991 October 25; accepted 1992 February 25 ABSTRACT We use the Expanding Photosphere Method to determine distances to 10 Type II supernovae. The effects of asymmetries extinction, and flux dilution are explored. Using empirical evidence and time-dependent, spherical models which treat H and He in non-LTE, we show that blackbody corrections caused by flux dilution are small for Type II supernovae in the infrared, and in the optical when their color temperatures are less than 6000 K. The extinction to a Type II-P supernova can be estimated from its light curve: the uncertainty introduced into a distance measurement due to extinction is usually less than 10%. Correcting for extinction and flux dilution, we derive distances to 10 supernovae: SN 1968L, SN 1969L, SN 1970G, SN 1973R, SN 1979C, SN 1980K, SN 1987A, SN 1988A, SN 1990E, and SN 1990ae. The distance measurements span a wide range, 50 kpc to 120 Mpc which is unique among the methods for establishing the extragalactic distance scale. The distances measured to SN 1970G in M 101 and SN 1987A in the LMC are in good agreement with distances determined from Cepheid variable stars. Our distance to the Virgo Cluster, 22 +/- 3 Mpc, is larger than recent distance estimates made using surface brightness fluctuations, planetary nebula luminosity functions, and the Tully-Fisher method. Using the distances determined from these Type II supernovae, we derive a value of H_0_ = 60+/-10 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^. This value is subject to errors caused by local deviations in the Hubble flow but will soon be improved by applying the Expanding Photosphere Method to several distant Type II supernovae. Subject headings: cosmology: observations - distance scale - supernovae: general
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