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For refcode 1994ApJ...428...65H:
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1994ApJ...428...65H OBSCURATION, ORIENTATION, AND THE INFRARED PROPERTIES OF RADIO-LOUD ACTIVE GALAXIES TIMOTHY M. HECKMAN, CHRISTOPHER P. O'DEA, STEFI A. BAUM, AND EIJA LAURIKAINEN Received 1993 September 16; accepted 1993 December 10 ABSTRACT We report on a study of the mid- and far-infrared (MFIR) properties of several different classes of radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) using the IRAS database. Our goal is to try to improve the understanding of the possible relationships between the diverse classes of AGNs. The MFIR and radio properties of radio-loud AGNs are especially useful in this regard, since (excluding the blazar class, which we do not study here) the radio emission is thought to be emitted isotropically, and the radio and MFIR radiation should be much less affected by dust obscuration than radiation at shorter wavelengths. We have first compared samples of 3CR broad-line radio galaxies (BLRGs) and narrow-line radio galaxies (NLRGs) matched in radio flux and mean redshift. We find that the BLRGs are stronger than the NLRGs by a factor of 4-5 in their mid-IR emission but are similar to the NLRGs in the far-IR. This is qualitatively consistent with recent "unification" models for NLRGs and BLRGs which invoke thermal MFIR emission from dusty "obscuring tori," but there may be an additional source of far-IR emission present in the more luminous broad-line objects (the radio-loud quasars) studied previously by Heckman, Chambers, & Postman (1992). We have also compared samples of Fanaroff-Riley class I (FRI) and Fanaroff-Riley class II (FRII) radio galaxies matched in radio flux and redshift. The FRII galaxies are stronger MFIR emitters than the FRI galaxies by a factor of about 4. This is consistent with suggestions that the central engine in FRI galaxies produces relatively little radiant energy per unit jet power (especially since we find that the weak MFIR emission from the FRI galaxies may not be powered by the AGN). Comparing samples of gigahertz-peaked spectrum (GPS) and compact steep spectrum (CSS) sources versus non-GPS-CSS sources, we find that the GPS-CSS and non-GPS-CSS sources have similar MFIR strengths. This suggests that the efficiency of the conversion of jet kinetic energy into radio emission is not much higher in the GPS-CSS sources, contrary to some theoretical predictions. Overall, we find that the MFIR and radio powers of all the classes of radio-loud AGNs we have studied correlate well with one another over a range of about 10^3^ in power. This is most naturally understood if the MFIR is primarily powered by the AGN in most highly luminous radio-loud AGNs. However, other processes (starbursts or the intracluster medium) may contribute significantly in the less radio-luminous radio galaxies. Subject headings: galaxies: active - galaxies: nuclei - infrared: galaxies - quasars: general
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