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For refcode 1994ApJ...433..553J:
Retrieve 172 NED objects in this reference.
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1994ApJ...433..553J THE NATURE OF E AND S0 GALAXIES: A STUDY OF A MAGNITUDE-LIMITED SAMPLE OF GALAXIES IN THE COMA CLUSTER INGER JORGENSEN Copenhagen University Observatory; and McDonald Observatory, The University of Texas at Austin, RLM 15.308, Austin, TX 78712 AND MARIJN FRANX Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; and Kapteyn Laboratory, P. O. Box 800,9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands Received 1993 December 28: accepted 1994 March 31 ABSTRACT Differences and similarities of E and S0 galaxies have been investigated on basis of new CCD surface photometry in Gunn r for 171 galaxies within the central square degree of the Coma Cluster; 146 of the galaxies are classified as E or S0. The galaxies form a magnitude-limited sample with Gunn r <= 15.3 mag. Together with the sample of Virgo galaxies compiled by Caon et al. (1993), this sample is one of the first volume-limited samples. The isophotal shapes of the galaxies have been studied in terms of ellipticity, c_4_ and c_6_. The sample is deficit of apparently round S0 galaxies. The distribution of the apparent ellipticities for the So galaxies cannot be fitted satisfactorily with any simple distribution of the intrinsic ellipticities. This suggests that face-on S0 galaxies have been classified as ellipticals. It is shown that the ellipticity-c_4_ diagram can be used for determination of relative disk luminosities, L_D_/L_tot_. The distribution of L_D_/L_tot_ for galaxies fainter than M_BT_ = - 22 mag is very broad (H_0_ = 50 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^ is used). The distribution is best fitted by a model where 10% of the galaxies are diskless and 90% of the galaxies are drawn from a distribution which is uniform from zero to one. This model also predicts distributions of apparent ellipticities, c4, and inclinations which are in agreement with the data. E galaxies brighter than M_BT_ = - 22 mag do not show any evidence of disks and may form another class. The sample contains no S0 galaxies brighter than M_BT_ = - 22 mag. Our analysis implies that the E and S0 galaxies fainter than M_BT_ = - 22 mag form one class of galaxies with a continuous change in L_D_/L_tot_. Face-on members of this class are mostly classified as E galaxies while more edge-on members are classified as S0 galaxies. Further, it is found that only 12% of all the galaxies in the sample are truly diskless systems. The diskless systems contribute ~30% to the total luminosity of the sample, most of this originates from the six brightest galaxies. It is estimated that ~60% of the total luminosity of the sample originates from bulges. Subject headings: galaxies: clusters: individual (Coma) - galaxies: clusters of - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: photometry
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