NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-20 T12:10:01 PDT
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For refcode 1995ApJ...439...60R:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
1995ApJ...439...60R LATE-TIME SPECTRA AND TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA MODELS: NEW CLUES FROM THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE P. RUIZ-LAPUENTE, R. P. KIRSHNER M. M. PHILLIPS, P, M. CHALLIS B. P. SCHMIDT, A. V. FILIPPENKO, AND J. C. WHEELER Received 1994 March 1; accepted 1994 July 26 ABSTRACT Calculated late-time spectra of two classical hydrodynamical models for Type Ia supernovae (deflagration model WI of Nomoto, Thielemann, & Yokoi, and delayed detonation model DD4 of Woosley & Weaver) are compared with observations of SN 1992A and other spectroscopically normal SNe Ia, An important new piece of information is provided by observations done with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) which cover the ultraviolet range at the nebular phase of a SN Ia: SN 1992A in NGC 1380. For the first time a picture of SN Ia emission from the ultraviolet through the optical is obtained at these phases. Predictions of the classical models (WI and DD4) are compared with the observed spectrum of SN 1992A and with the optical spectra of SN 1989M in NGC 4579 and SN 1990N in NGC 4639 at similar epochs. The absolute B and V magnitudes of the models are also estimated at these late phases. Taken at face value the nebular spectra of these classical" models are more consistent with the long extragalactic distance scale, pointing to distances to NGC 4579 around 21 +/- 3 Mpc and a slightly larger distance 22 +/- 3 Mpc, to NGC 4639, on the back side of the Virgo Cluster. However, the calculated Fe^+3^ luminosity as predicted from the models exceeds the observed limit from the HST data of SN 1992A. Other differences in the ratios of the line intensities between calculated and observed spectra are also seen in the optical. We conclude that these models, which match the photospheric spectra, show some disagreement with the observed spectra at the nebular phases. They may not be the best choice for spectroscopically normal SNe Ia, and their use as an independent calibration of the extragalactic distance scale should be viewed with caution. Subject headings: distance scale - supernovae: general - ultraviolet: stars
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