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For refcode 1995ApJ...441..120H:
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1995ApJ...441..120H GLOBULAR CLUSTER SYSTEMS IN THREE cD GALAXIES WITHIN RICH ABELL CLUSTERS WILLIAM E. HARRIS Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L85 4M1 CHRISTOPHER J. PRITCHET Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 AND ROBERT D. MCCLURE Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, Canada V8X 4M6 Received 1994 February 14; accepted 1994 September 9 ABSTRACT We present new CCD photometry from the CFH telescope for three cD galaxies that are the centrally dominant objects in the rich Abell clusters A2052, A2107, and A2666. Photometry to I(lim) = 25.0 reveals the existence of globular cluster populations around all three of these: the first two appear to have M87-like high specific frequencies around S_N_ ~16, but the third has a normal or subnormal value S_N_~3. With these new data, globular cluster systems have now been searched for in a total of 12 centrally dominant cD galaxies in a wide range of galaxy clusters. We find that neither S_N_ nor the cluster population are correlated with any known property of the hot intracluster gas that usually surrounds such galaxies (cooling flow rate, gas temperature, total X-ray luminosity, etc.). From this, we conclude that cooling flows at the present epoch (i.e., in the last few Gyr) have little or nothing to do with globular cluster formation. The recently formed globular clusters in the central regions of such galaxies as NGC 1275 seem, instead, to be the result of occasional starburst phenomena. The vastly larger old-cluster populations filling the outer halos of many cD galaxies must be the result of an intensive phase of cluster formation during the very early protogalactic epoch. Subject headings: galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: star clusters
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