NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-16 T22:07:05 PDT
Help | Comment | NED Home

For refcode 1996ApJ...457..500H:
Retrieve 52 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

NED Abstract

Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
1996ApJ...457..500H EXPLOSION MODELS FOR TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE: A COMPARISON WITH OBSERVED LIGHT CURVES, DISTANCES, H_0_, AND q_0_ P. HOFLICH AND A. KHOKHLOV Received 1995 March 23; accepted 1995 July 31 ABSTRACT Theoretical monochromatic light curves and photospheric expansion velocities are compared with observations of 27 Type Ia supernovae (SN Ia's). A set of 37 models has been considered which encompasses all currently discussed explosion scenarios for Type Ia supernovae including deflagrations, detonations, delayed detonations, pulsating delayed detonations and tamped detonations of Chandrasekhar mass, and helium detonations of low-mass white dwarfs. The explosions are calculated using one-dimensional Lagrangian hydro and radiation-hydro codes with incorporated nuclear networks. Subsequently, light curves are constructed using our light-curve (LC) scheme which includes an implicit radiation transport, expansion opacities, a Monte Carlo {gamma}-ray transport, and molecular and dust formation. For some supernovae, results of detailed non-LTE calculations have been considered. Observational properties of our series of models are discussed, in particular, the relation between the absolute brightness, postmaximum decline rates, the colors at several moments of time, etc. All models with a ^56^Ni production larger than ~0.4 M_sun_ produce light curves of similar brightness. The influence of the cosmological redshift on the light curves and on the correction for interstellar reddening is discussed. Based on data rectification of the standard deviation, a quantitative procedure to fit the observations has been used to determine the free parameters, i.e., the distance, the reddening, and the time of the explosion. Fast-rising light curves (e.g., SN 1981B and SN 1994D) can be reproduced by delayed detonation models or deflagration models similar to W7. Slowly rising (t_max_ >= 16 days) light curves (e.g., SN 1984A and SN 1990N) cannot be reproduced by standard detonation, deflagration, or delayed detonation models. To obtain an acceptable agreement with observations, models are required in which the C/O white dwarf is surrounded by an unburned extended envelope of typically 0.2-0.4 M_sun_ which may either be preexisting or produced during the explosion. Our interpretation of the light curves is also supported by the photospheric expansion velocities. Mainly due to the fast increase of the {gamma} radiation produced by the outer ^56^Ni, the postmaximum decline of helium detonations tends to be faster compared to observations of normal bright SN Ia's. Strongly subluminous SN Ia's can be understood in the framework of pulsating delayed detonations, both from the absolute brightness and the colors. Alternatively, subluminosity can be produced within the scenario of helium detonations in low-mass white dwarfs of about 0.6-0.8 M_sun_ if the explosion occurs when rather little helium has been accreted. However, even subluminous helium detonation models are very blue at maximum light owing to heating in the outer layers, and brighter models show a fast postmaximum decline, in contradiction to the observations. We find evidence for a correlation between the type of host galaxy and the explosion mechanism. In spiral galaxies, about the same amount of prompt explosions (delayed detonations and W7) and pulsating delayed detonations seems to occur. In contrast, in ellipticals, the latter type is strongly favored. This difference may provide a hint about the stellar evolution of the progenitors. Based on a comparison of theoretical light curves and observational data, the distances of the parent galaxies are determined independently from secondary distance indicators. A comparison with theoretical models allows for a consistent determination of the interstellar reddening and the cosmological redshift. For the example of SN 1988U, we show the need for a simultaneous use of both spectral and light curve data if the data set is incomplete. Based on the models, SN Ia's allow for a measurement of the value of the Hubble constant H_0_. H_0_ is found to be 67 +/- 9 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^ within a 95% probability for distances up to 1.3 Gpc. SN 1988U at 1.3 Gpc is consistent with a deceleration parameter q_0_ of 0.7 +/- 0.5(1 {sigma}). Subject headings: distance scale - hydrodynamics - nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - radiative transfer - stars: interiors - supernovae: general
Retrieve 52 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

Back to NED Home