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For refcode 1997ApJ...478..462C:
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1997ApJ...478..462C The Average Mass and Light Profiles of Galaxy Clusters R. G. CARLBERG, H. K. C. YEE, AND E. ELLINGSON Received 1995 December 13; accepted 1996 October 23 ABSTRACT The systematic errors in the virial mass-to-light ratio, M_v_/L, of galaxy clusters as an estimator of the field M/L value are assessed. We overlay 14 clusters in redshift space to create an ensemble cluster that averages over substructure and asymmetries. The combined sample, including background, contains about 1150 galaxies, extending to a projected radius of about twice r_200_. The radius r_200_, defined as where the mean interior density is 200 times the critical density, is expected to contain the bulk of the virialized cluster mass. The dynamically derived M(r_200_)/L(r_200_) of the ensemble is (0.82 +/- 0.14)<M_v_/L>. The M_v_/L overestimate is attributed to not taking into account the surface pressure term in the virial equation. Under the assumption that the velocity anisotropy parameter is in the range 0 <= {beta} <= 2/3, the galaxy distribution accurately traces the mass profile beyond about the central 0.3r_200_. There are no color or luminosity gradients in the galaxy population beyond 2r_200_, but there is 0.11 +/- 0.05 mag fading in the r-band luminosities between the field and cluster galaxies. We correct the cluster virial mass-to-light ratio, M_v_/L = 289 +/- 50 h M_sun_/L_sun_ (calculated assuming q_0_ = 0.1), for the biases in M_v_ and mean luminosity to estimate the field M/L = 213 +/- 59 h M_sun_/L_sun_. With our self-consistently derived field luminosity density, j/{rho}_c_ = 1136+/-138 h M_sun_/L_sun_ (at z ~1/3), the corrected M/L indicates {OMEGA}_0_ = 0.19+/-0.06+/-0.04 (formal 1 {sigma} random error and estimated potential systematic errors) for those components of the mass field in rich clusters. Subject headings: galaxies: clusters: general-galaxies: kinematics and dynamics-galaxies: photometry
Retrieve 16 NED objects in this reference.
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