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For refcode 1997ApJ...483L..29W:
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1997ApJ...483L..29W Supernovae and Their Host Galaxies LIFAN WANG, PETER HOFLICH, AND J. CRAIG WHEELER Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712; lifan@astro.as.utexas.edu, pah@astro.as.utexas.edu, wheel@astro.as.utexas.edu Received 1996 December 5; accepted 1997 March 21 ABSTRACT We study the correlations between the distance of a supernova (SN) from the center of the host galaxy and measurable properties such as SN spectral types and luminosity at maximum light for Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The rate of SNe Ia within 1 kpc of the center of spiral galaxies is significantly lower than outside this region. The rates of Type II (SNe II) and Type Ib/c (SNe Ib/c) supernovae in the central 1 kpc region of spiral galaxies are at least as high as, and perhaps higher than, those in the outer regions. This is the first direct evidence that stellar bulges in spiral galaxies are not efficient SNe Ia producers and that novae and nova-like systems in the bulges are therefore not efficient producers of SNe Ia. The radial distribution of all types of supernovae are, within errors, the same beyond ~7 kpc. So SNe Ia are also unlikely to come from a halo population. We also analyze a subsample of SNe Ia including the Calan/Tololo sample and 11 nearby well-observed SNe Ia for which accurate photometry is available. Supernovae at more than 7.5 kpc from the galactic center show 3-4 times smaller scatter in brightness than those closer to the center. This behavior represents an important new constraint on evolutionary models of SNe Ia and their correlation with the underlying stellar population. SNe Ia at larger galactocentric distances may define a more homogeneous group for measuring cosmological distances. The B_max_, V_max_, and I_max_ magnitudes for SNe Ia beyond 7.5 kpc from the center of the host galaxies were found to be -19.05 +/- 0.20, -19.07 +/- 0.18, and -18.81 +/- 0.18, respectively. Subject headings: cosmology: observations-distance scale-galaxies: general-supernovae: general
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