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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-25 T17:13:54 PDT
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For refcode 1997ApJ...486....1S:
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1997ApJ...486....1S Cepheid Calibration of the Peak Brightness of Type Ia Supernovae. VIII. SN 1990N in NGC 4639 A. SAHA Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 ALLAN SANDAGE Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 LUKAS LABHARDT AND G. A. TAMMANN Astronomisches Institut der Universitatt Basel, Venusstrasse 7, CH-4102 Binningen, Switzerland AND F. D. MACCHETTO AND N. PANAGIA Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 Received 1996 December 24; accepted 1997 March 24 ABSTRACT Repeated imaging observations have been made of NGC 4639 with the Hubble Space Telescope between 1995 April and July over an interval of 71 days. Images were obtained on 12 epochs in the F555W band and on two epochs in the F814W band. The galaxy is parent to the prototypical Type Ia supernova SN 1990N. A total of 18 definite and six likely Cepheids were found with periods ranging between 17 and 67 days. The dereddened distance modulus of NGC 4639 derived from the Cepheids that could be measured in both passbands is (m - M)_0_ = 32.03 +/- 0.22, which corresponds to a distance of 25.5 +/- 2.5 Mpc. The apparent magnitudes of SN 1990N at maximum of B_max_ = 12.70 +/- 0.05 and V_max_ = 12.61 +/- 0.05 combined with the Cepheid distance modulus gives M_B_(max) = -19.33 +/- 0.23 and M_V_(max) = -19.42 +/- 0.23 for SN 1990N. Combining these with data for five other SNe Ia calibrated in earlier papers of this series and with a preliminary calibration of SN 1989B gives <M_B_(max)> = -19.52 +/- 0.07, and <M_V_(max)> = -19.48 +/- 0.07. Combining these mean absolute magnitudes with the Hubble diagrams for well-observed blue SNe Ia in B and V read at remote redshifts well beyond all local velocity anomalies gives a mean Hubble constant of H_0_ = 58_-8_^+7^ km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^ (external error) using no second-parameter corrections. Analysis is also given using various formulations of second-order corrections depending on Hubble type of the parent galaxy, color of the SNe Ia, and/or light-curve shape, which show that these uncertain corrections affect the value of H_0_ by less than 10%. Finally, we argue that the short distance scale espoused from both the distance to M100 in the Virgo Cluster and NGC 1365 in the Fornax cluster (Freedman et al.), giving H_0_ = 80 +/- 17 and H0 ~ 70, respectively, have systematic errors in their precepts concerning the distances of the cluster which when corrected give the long scale with H_0_ ~ 55. Subject headings: Cepheids-distance scale-galaxies: individual (NGC 4639)-supernovae: individual (SN 1990N)
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