NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-23 T22:18:55 PDT
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For refcode 1998A&A...333..827G:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
1998A&A...333..827G Scattering and absorption in soft X-ray selected AGN: an optical polarization survey. Grupe D., Wills B.J., Wills D., Beuermann K. Received 19 August 1997/Accepted 22 December 1997 Abstract. We have surveyed the optical linear polarization of a completely identified sample of 43 bright soft-X-ray-selected ROSAT AGN. Most (40) of these AGN show low polarization (<~1%), and no clear optical reddening. This supports the suggestion from rapid X-ray variability, disk-like spectral energy distributions, and lack of cold X-ray absorption, that we are viewing a bare AGN disk. IRAS F12397+3333 and IRAS 13349+2438 show high polarization increasing to the UV - clear evidence for scattering. As well as steep, soft-X-ray spectra, they show optical reddening and rapid X-ray variability, but almost no cold X-ray absorption - a combination that suggests dusty ionized gas along the line-of-sight. Brandt et al. suggested and found these `warm absorbers' for IRAS 13349+2438. IRAS F12397+3333 is a new candidate. Combining our data with the optical and X-ray spectra of the high polarization narrow-line Seyfert 1 nuclei (NLSy1s) investigated by Goodrich reveals strong correlations among optical reddening indicators ({alpha}_opt_ and H{alpha}/H{beta}), [OIII]/H{beta}_b_, and cold intrinsic X-ray absorption {DELTA}N_H_. Optical reddening underpredicts the cold X- ray absorption, suggesting dusty warm absorbers in all the highly polarized AGN. The existence of these scattering-polarized and reddened NLSy1s suggests an orientation Unified Scheme within the class of NLSy1s, analogous to that linking Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 nuclei. For some highly polarized and optically selected AGN we present new analysis of archival X-ray data, and for the highly polarized AGN new optical spectroscopy is presented in an appendix. Key words: polarization - galaxies: active - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: Seyfert
Retrieve 59 NED objects in this reference.
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