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For refcode 1998AJ....116.2644O:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
1998AJ....116.2644O THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE MEDIUM DEEP SURVEY CLUSTER SAMPLE: METHODOLOGY AND DATA E. J. OSTRANDER, R. C. NICHOL, K. U. RATNATUNGA, AND R. E. GRIFFITHS Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Received 1997 December 18; revised 1998 August 17 ABSTRACT We present a new, objectively selected, sample of galaxy overdensities detected in the Hubble Space Telescope Medium Deep Survey (MDS). These clusters/groups were found using an automated procedure that involved searching for statistically significant galaxy overdensities. The contrast of the clusters against the field galaxy population is increased when morphological data are used to search around bulge-dominated galaxies. In total, we present 92 overdensities above a probability threshold of 99.5%. We show, via extensive Monte Carlo simulations, that at least 60% of these overdensities are likely to be real clusters and groups and not random line-of-sight superpositions of galaxies. For each overdensity in the MDS cluster sample, we provide a richness and the average of the bulge-to-total ratio of galaxies within each system. This MDS cluster sample potentially contains some of the most distant clusters/groups ever detected, with about 25% of the overdensities having estimated redshifts z > ~0.9. We have made this sample publicly available to facilitate spectroscopic confirmation of these clusters and help more detailed studies of cluster and galaxy evolution. We also report the serendipitous discovery of a new cluster close on the sky to the rich optical cluster Cl l0016+16 at z = 0.546. This new overdensity, HST 001831+16208, may be coincident with both an X-ray source and a radio source. HST 001831+16208 is the third cluster/group discovered near to Cl 0016+16 and appears to strengthen the claims of Connolly et al. of superclustering at high redshift. Key words:catalogs-cosmology: observations-galaxies: clusters: general- galaxies: clusters: individual (Cl 0016+16, RX J0018.3+1618, RX J0018.8+1602)-galaxies: evolution
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