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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-20 T16:08:24 PDT
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For refcode 1998ApJ...499..209W:
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1998ApJ...499..209W The Puzzling Features of the Interstellar Medium in NGC 205 GARY A. WELCH, LESLIE J. SAGE, AND GEORGE F. MITCHELL Received 1997 July 9; accepted 1997 December 22 ABSTRACT We present CO 1 - 0 and 2 - 1 observations of NGC 205, which is a dwarf elliptical galaxy and a companion to M31. It has long been suggested that NGC 205 has interacted with M31 in the past. The total mass of gas (molecular, atomic, and X-ray emitting) associated with NGC 205 is ~10^6^ M_sun_, which is 1 order of magnitude less than the mass that should have been returned to its ISM by evolved stars during its lifetime. A burst of star formation began in NGC 205 ~5 x 10^8^ yr ago, ending a few million yr ago; while some of the mass that was returned to the ISM would be used up by the starburst, star formation is a notoriously inefficient process. Moreover, the gas in NGC 205 is rotating, while the stars are not, so any gas returned to the ISM should have zero net angular momentum. We suggest that the angular momentum was added when the preexisting gas interacted with an external gas cloud, either in the disk of M31 or, perhaps less likely, in the region surrounding it. The recent starburst could have been triggered by the interaction, and the blast waves from ensuing supernovae would then have removed most of the remaining gas. Sufficient time has passed since these events for planetary nebulae to have contributed most of the gas we see in this galaxy. Subject headings: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD-galaxies: individual (NGC 205)-galaxies: interactions-galaxies: ISM -galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
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