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For refcode 1999A&AS..136..117L:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
1999A&AS..136..117L A search for gravitational lensing in 38 X-ray selected clusters of galaxies. LUPPINO G.A., GIOIA I.M., HAMMER F., LE FEVRE O., ANNIS J.A. Received October 2; accepted December 16, 1998 Abstract: We present the results of a CCD imaging survey for gravitational lensing in a sample of 38 X-ray-selected clusters of galaxies. Our sample consists of the most X-ray luminous (L_x_ >= 2x10^44^erg/s) clusters selected from the Einstein Observatory Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey (EMSS) that are observable from Mauna Kea ({delta}>-40^deg^). The sample spans a redshift range of 0.15<=z<=0.823 and includes 5 clusters with z > 0.5. CCD images of the clusters were obtained in excellent seeing. There is evidence of strong gravitational lensing in the form of giant arcs (length l>=8", axis ratio l/w>=10) in 8 of the 38 clusters. Two additional clusters contain shorter arclets, and 6 more clusters contain candidate arcs that require follow-up observations to confirm their lensing origin. Since the survey does not have a uniform surface brightness limit we do not draw any conclusion based on the statistics of the arcs found. We note, however, that 60% (3 of 5) of the clusters with L_x_>10^45^erg/s, and none of the 15 clusters with L_x_ < 4 x 10^44^erg/s contain giant arcs, thereby confirming that high X-ray luminosity does identify the most massive systems, and thus X-ray selection is the preferred method for finding true, rich clusters at intermediate and high redshifts. The observed geometry of the arcs, most of which are thin, have large axis ratios (l/w>10), and are aligned orthogonal to the optical major axes of the clusters, indicate the cluster core mass density profiles must be compact (steeper than isothermal). In several cases, however, there is also some evidence, in the form of possible radial arcs, for density profiles with finite core radii. Keywords: galaxies: clusters: general - gravitational lensing - X-rays: galaxies - Cosmology: observations: dark matter
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