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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-27 T03:10:10 PDT
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For refcode 1999ApJ...510..104B:
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1999ApJ...510..104B The Ionizing Stars of Extragalactic H II Regions FABIO BRESOLIN AND ROBERT C. KENNICUTT, JR. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721; fabio@as.arizona.edu, robk@as.arizona.edu AND DONALD R. GARNETT Department of Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; garnett@oldstyle.spa.umn.edu Received 1998 May 25; accepted 1998 August 6 ABSTRACT Medium-resolution spectra from 3650 to 10000 E are presented for 96 giant H II regions distributed in 20 spiral galaxies. In order to interpret the data, we have calculated two separate grids of photoionization models, adopting single-star atmospheres (Kurucz) and star clusters synthesized with different initial mass functions (IMFs) as ionizing sources. Additional models were computed with more recent non-LTE stellar atmospheres, in order to check the effects of different stellar ionizing fluxes. We use the radiation softness parameter {eta}' = ([O II]/[O III])/([S II]/[S III]) of Vilchez & Pagel to test for a metallicity dependence of the effective temperatures of the ionizing stars. Our results are consistent with a significant decrease in mean stellar temperatures of the ionizing stars with increasing metallicity. The magnitude of the effect, combined with the behavior of the He I {lambda}5876/H{beta} ratio, suggest a smaller upper mass limit for star formation at abundances higher than solar, even when considering the effects of metallicity on stellar evolution and atmospheric line blanketing. However, the exact magnitudes of the stellar temperature and IMF variations are dependent on the choice of stellar atmosphere and evolution models used, as well as on uncertainties in the nebular abundance scale at high metallicities. Our results also constrain the systematic behavior of the ionization parameter and the N/O ratio in extragalactic H II regions. The observed spectral sequences are inconsistent with current stellar evolution models, which predict a luminous, hot W-R stellar population in evolved H II regions older than 2-3 Myr. This suggests either that the hardness of the emitted Lyman continuum spectrum has been overestimated in the models or that some mechanism disrupts the H II regions before the W-R phases become important. Subject headings: galaxies: ISM-galaxies: spiral
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