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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-20 T14:18:09 PDT
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For refcode 1999ApJ...519...89C:
Retrieve 39 NED objects in this reference.
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1999ApJ...519...89C The Nature of Accreting Black Holes in Nearby Galaxy Nuclei EDWARD J. M. COLBERT AND RICHARD F. MUSHOTZKY Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, Code 662, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 Received 1998 October 6; accepted 1999 February 2 ABSTRACT We have found compact X-ray sources in the center of 21 (54%) of 39 nearby face-on spiral and elliptical galaxies with available ROSAT HRI data. ROSAT X-ray luminosities (0.2-2.4 keV) of these compact X-ray sources are ~10^37^-10^40^ ergs s^-1^ (with a mean of 3x10^39^ ergs s^-1^). The mean displacement between the location of the compact X-ray source and the optical photometric center of the galaxy is ~390 pc. The fact that compact nuclear sources were found in nearly all (five of six) galaxies with previous evidence for a black hole or an active galactic nucleus (AGN) indicates that at least some of the X-ray sources are accreting supermassive black holes. ASCA spectra of six of the 21 galaxies show the presence of a hard component with relatively steep ({GAMMA}~2.5) spectral slope. A multicolor disk blackbody model fits the data from the spiral galaxies well, suggesting that the X-ray object in these galaxies may be similar to a black hole candidate in its soft (high) state. ASCA data from the elliptical galaxies indicate that hot (kT~0.7 keV) gas dominates the emission. The fact that (for both spiral and elliptical galaxies) the spectral slope is steeper than in normal type 1 AGNs and that relatively low absorbing columns (N_H_~10^21^ cm^-2^) were found to the power-law component indicates that these objects are somehow geometrically and/or physically different from AGNs in normal active galaxies. The X-ray sources in the spiral and elliptical galaxies may be black hole X-ray binaries, low-luminosity AGNs, or possibly young X-ray luminous supernovae. Assuming the sources in the spiral galaxies are accreting black holes in their soft state, we estimate black hole masses ~10^2^-10^4^ M_sun_. Subject headings: galaxies: active-X-rays: galaxies
Retrieve 39 NED objects in this reference.
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