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For refcode 1999ApJ...523..136S:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
1999ApJ...523..136S Central Rotation Curves of Spiral Galaxies Y. SOFUE, Y. TUTUI, M. HONMA, A. TOMITA, T. TAKAMIYA, J. KODA, AND Y. TAKEDA Received 1999 February 4; accepted 1999 May 5 ABSTRACT We present high-resolution central-to-outer rotation curves for Sb, SBb, Sc, and SBc galaxies. We discuss their general characteristics, particularly their central behavior, as well as dependencies on morphological types, activity, and peculiarity. The rotation curves generally show a steep nuclear rise and high-velocity central rotation, followed by a broad maximum in the disk and then a flat rotation due to the massive halo. Since the central high velocity and steep rise are common to all massive galaxies, they cannot be due to noncircular motions. Disk rotation curves of barred galaxies show larger dispersion than those of normal galaxies, probably because of noncircular motions. Interacting galaxies often show perturbed outer rotation curves, while their central rotation shows no particular peculiarity. In addition, central activities, such as starbursts and active galactic nuclei, appear to show no particular correlation with the property of rotation curves. This would suggest that the central activities are triggered by a more local effect than the global dynamical property. Subject headings: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics-galaxies: nuclei- galaxies: spiral
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