NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-17 T05:49:47 PDT
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For refcode 2000AJ....120..733E:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2000AJ....120..733E DUST STREAMERS IN THE VIRGO GALAXY M86 FROM RAM PRESSURE STRIPPING OF ITS COMPANION VCC 882 DEBRA MELOY ELMEGREEN, BRUCE G. ELMEGREEN, FREDERICK R. CHROMEY, AND MICHAEL S. FINE Received 2000 March 12; accepted 2000 April 11 ABSTRACT The giant elliptical galaxy M86 in Virgo has a ~28 kpc long dust trail inside its optical halo that points toward the nucleated dwarf elliptical galaxy VCC 882. The trail seems to be stripped material from the dwarf. Extinction measurements suggest that the ratio of the total gas mass in the trail to the blue luminosity of the dwarf is about unity, which is comparable to such ratios in dwarf irregular galaxies. The ram pressure experienced by the dwarf galaxy in the hot gaseous halo of M86 was comparable to the internal gravitational binding energy density of the presumed former gas disk in VCC 882. Published numerical models of this case are consistent with the overall trail-like morphology observed here. Three concentrations in the trail may be evidence for the predicted periodicity of the mass loss. The evaporation time of the trail is comparable to its age obtained from the relative speed of the galaxies and the trail length. Thus the trail could be continuously formed from stripped replenished gas if the VCC 882 orbit is bound. However, the high gas mass and the low expected replenishment rate suggest that this is only the first stripping event. Implications for the origin of nucleated dwarf ellipticals are briefly discussed. Key words: galaxies: clusters: general-galaxies: individual (M86) - galaxies: interactions-galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
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