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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-19 T20:40:08 PDT
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For refcode 2001AJ....122.1747Y:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2001AJ....122.1747Y PROPERTIES OF A MOLECULAR CLOUD IN NGC 185 L. M. YOUNG Department of Physics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM 87801; lyoung@physics.nmt.edu Received 2001 May 21; accepted 2001 July 10 ABSTRACT The dwarf elliptical galaxy NGC 185 - the closest early-type galaxy with detectable molecular gas - offers a unique opportunity for high angular resolution studies of the interstellar medium in early-type galaxies. I present interferometric images (17 pc x 14 pc resolution) of CO emission from NGC 185. The majority of the molecular gas in NGC 185 is in one resolved cloud, closely associated with dust and an H I structure that may be a photodissociated envelope. The high spatial resolution also reveals a velocity gradient across the cloud, which allows a dynamical mass estimate independent of the H_2_-to-CO conversion factor or the virial theorem. The linear sizes, velocity gradients, and dynamical masses of the molecular clouds in NGC 185 and 205, a similar dwarf elliptical, are comparable to those of the largest Galactic giant molecular clouds (GMCs). If the dynamical masses of the clouds are assumed to be good estimates of their true masses, the inferred H_2_-to-CO conversion factor in NGC 185 is at least 8 times larger than a standard Galactic conversion factor, and the reasons for this difference are not yet understood. In any case, it seems clear that structures similar to Galactic GMCs can form in small elliptical or early-type galaxies, even in the absence of spiral density waves. Key words: galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: individual (NGC 185, NGC 205) - galaxies: ISM - ISM: molecules - Local Group
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