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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-21 T13:01:46 PDT
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For refcode 2001ApJ...547..649P:
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2001ApJ...547..649P Estimation of Relativistic Accretion Disk Parameters From Iron Line Emission V. I. Pariev Theoretical Astrophysics Group, T-6, MS B288, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 B. C. Bromley Department of Physics, The University of Utah, 201 James Fletcher Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 and W. A. Miller Theoretical Astrophysics Group, T-6, MS B288, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 Received 2000 May 26; accepted 2000 September 28 ABSTRACT The observed iron K{alpha} fluorescence lines in Seyfert 1 galaxies provide strong evidence for an accretion disk near a supermassive black hole as a source of the emission. Here we present an analysis of the geometrical and kinematic properties of the disk based on the extreme frequency shifts of a line profile as determined by measurable flux in both the red and blue wings. The edges of the line are insensitive to the distribution of the X-ray flux over the disk and hence provide a robust alternative to profile fitting of disk parameters. Our approach yields new, strong bounds on the inclination angle of the disk and the location of the emitting region. We apply our method to interpret observational data from MCG -6-30-15 and find that the commonly assumed inclination 300 for the accretion disk in MCG -6-30-15 is inconsistent with the position of the blue edge of the line at a 3 {sigma} level. A thick turbulent disk model or the presence of highly ionized iron may reconcile the bounds on inclination from the line edges with the full line profile fits based on simple, geometrically thin disk models. The bounds on the innermost radius of disk emission indicate that the black hole in MCG -6-30-15 is rotating faster than 30% of theoretical maximum. When applied to data from NGC 4151, our method gives bounds on the inclination angle of the X-ray-emitting inner disk of 50^deg^ +/- 10^deg^, consistent with the presence of an ionization cone grazing the disk as proposed by Pedlar. The frequency extrema analysis also provides limits to the innermost disk radius in another Seyfert 1 galaxy, NGC 3516, and is suggestive of a thick-disk model. Subject headings: accretion, accretion disks-black hole physics -galaxies: active-line: profiles-X-rays: galaxies
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