NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-19 T19:24:26 PDT
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For refcode 2001ApJ...549..802A:
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2001ApJ...549..802A A Possible Relationship between Quasars and Clusters of Galaxies Halton Arp Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik, Garching D-85740, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de and David Russell 22 Ithaca Road, Candor, NY, 13743 Received 2000 April 20; accepted 2000 October 24 ABSTRACT The distribution on the sky of clusters of galaxies shows significant association with relatively nearby, large, active galaxies. The pattern is that of clusters paired equidistant across a central galaxy with the apparent magnitudes and redshifts of their constituent galaxies being closely matched. The clusters and the galaxies in them tend to be strong X- ray and radio emitters, and their redshifts occur at preferred redshift values. The central, low-redshift galaxies often show evidence of ejection in the direction of these higher redshift clusters. In all these respects the clusters resemble closely quasars which have been increasingly shown for the last 34 years to be similarly associated with active parent galaxies. New, especially significant pairings of quasars are presented here, which are, at the same time, associated with Abell clusters of galaxies. It is argued here that, empirically, the quasars are ejected from active galaxies. They evolve to lower redshift with time, forming stars, and fragmenting at the end of their development into clusters of low- luminosity galaxies. The cluster galaxies can be at the same distance as their lower redshift parents because they still retain a component of their earlier, quasar intrinsic redshift. Subject headings: galaxies: active-galaxies: Seyfert-quasars: general
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