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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-17 T20:02:55 PDT
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For refcode 2001MNRAS.321..341M:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2001MNRAS.321..341M On the presence of silicon and carbon in the pre-maximum spectrum of the Type Ia SN 1990N Paolo A. Mazzali Accepted 2000 September 6. Received 2000 February 28 ABSTRACT The spectrum of the normal Type Ia SN 1990N observed very early on (14 days before B maximum) was analysed by Fisher et al., who showed that the large width and the unusual profile of the strong line near 6000 A can be reproduced if the line is assumed to be due to C II 6578, 6583 E and if carbon is located in a high-velocity shell. This line is one of the characterizing features of SNe Ia, and is usually thought to be due to Si II. A Monte Carlo spectrum synthesis code is used to investigate this suggestion further. The result is that if a standard explosion model is used, the mass enclosed in the shell at the required high velocity (25 000- 35 000 km s^-1^) is too small to give rise to a strong C II line. At the same time, removing silicon has a negative effect on the synthetic spectrum at other wavelengths, and removing carbon from the lower velocity regions near the photosphere makes it difficult to reproduce two weak lines which are naturally explained as C II, one of them being the line which Fisher et al. suggested is responsible for the strong 6000-A feature. However, synthetic spectra confirm that although Si II can reproduce most of the observed 6000-A line, the red wing of the line extends too far to be compatible with a Si II origin, and that the flat bottom of the line is also not easy to reproduce. The best fit is obtained for a normal SN Ia abundance mix at velocities near the photosphere (15 500-19 000 km s^-1^) and an outer carbon-silicon shell beyond 20 000 km s^-1^. This suggests that mixing is not complete in the outer ejecta of an SN Ia. Observations at even earlier epochs might reveal to what extent a carbon shell is unmixed. Keywords: line: formation - line: identification line: profiles - supernovae: general - supernovae: individual: SN 1990N
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