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Date and Time of the Query: 2018-12-17 T02:42:36 PST
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For refcode 2001MNRAS.327..697D:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2001MNRAS.327..697D The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey - II. 450-mm data: evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS galaxies Loretta Dunne and Stephen A. Eales Accepted 2001 June 21. Received 2001 June 21; in original form 2001 April 30 ABSTRACT This is the second in a series of papers presenting results from the SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey. In our first paper we provided 850-micron flux densities for 104 galaxies selected from the IRAS Bright Galaxy Sample and we found that the 60-, 100-micron (IRAS) and 850-micron (SCUBA) fluxes could be adequately fitted by emission from dust at a single temperature. In this paper we present 450-micron data for the galaxies. With the new data, the spectral energy distributions of the galaxies can no longer be fitted with an isothermal dust model - two temperature components are now required. Using our 450-micron data and fluxes from the literature, we find that the 450/850-micron flux ratio for the galaxies is remarkably constant, and this holds from objects in which the star formation rate is similar to our own Galaxy, to ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) such as Arp 220. The only possible explanation for this is if the dust emissivity index for all of the galaxies is ~2 and the cold dust component has a similar temperature in all galaxies (T_c_ ~ 20-21 K). The 60-micron luminosities of the galaxies were found to depend on both the dust mass and the relative amount of energy in the warm component, with a tendency for the temperature effects to dominate at the highest L_60_. The dust masses estimated using the new temperatures are higher by a factor of ~2 than those determined previously using a single temperature. This brings the gas-to-dust ratios of the IRAS galaxies into agreement with those of the Milky Way and other spiral galaxies which have been intensively studied in the submm. Keywords: surveys - dust, extinction - galaxies: ISM - infrared: galaxies.
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