Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-17 T08:22:14 PDT
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For refcode 2001MNRAS.328.1091Q:
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NED Abstract

Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2001MNRAS.328.1091Q Bubbles, feedback and the intracluster medium: three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations Vicent Quilis, Richard G. Bower and Michael L. Balogh ABSTRACT We use a three-dimensional hydrodynamical code to simulate the effect of energy injection on cooling flows in the intracluster medium. Specifically, we compare a simulation of a 10^15^-M_sun_ cluster with radiative cooling only with a second simulation in which thermal energy is injected 31 kpc off-centre, over 64 kpc^3^ at a rate of 4.9 x 10^44^ erg s^-1^ for 50 Myr. The heat injection forms a hot, low-density bubble which quickly rises, dragging behind it material from the cluster core. The rising bubble pushes with it a shell of gas which expands and cools. We find the appearance of the bubble in X-ray temperature and luminosity to be in good qualitative agreement with recent Chandra observations of cluster cores. Toward the end of the simulation, at 600 Myr, the displaced gas begins to fall back toward the core, and the subsequent turbulence is very efficient at mixing the low- and high-entropy gas. The result is that the cooling flow is disrupted for up to ~ 50 Myr after the injection of energy ceases. Thus this mechanism provides a very efficient method for regulating cooling flows, if the injection events occur with a 1:1 duty cycle. Keywords: methods: numerical - galaxies: clusters: general - cooling flows - galaxies: formation - intergalactic medium - X-rays: galaxies: clusters.
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