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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-19 T11:42:52 PDT
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For refcode 2002AJ....123.2159B:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2002AJ....123.2159B REDSHIFT-DISTANCE SURVEY OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES. II. THE D_n_-{sigma} RELATION M. BERNARDI, M. V. ALONSO, L. N. DA COSTA, C. N. A. WILLMER, G. WEGNER, P. S. PELLEGRINI, C. RITE, AND M. A. G. MAIA Received 2001 August 13; accepted 2002 January 17 ABSTRACT R-band photometric and velocity dispersion measurements for a sample of 452 elliptical and S0 galaxies in 28 clusters are used to construct a template D_n_-{sigma} relation. This template relation is constructed by combining the data from the 28 clusters, under the assumption that galaxies in different clusters have similar properties. The photometric and spectroscopic data used consist of new as well as published measurements, converted to a common system, as presented in an accompanying paper. The resulting direct relation, corrected for incompleteness bias, is log D_n_ = 1.203 log {sigma} + 1.406; the zero point has been defined by requiring distant clusters to be at rest relative to the cosmic microwave background. This zero point is consistent with the value obtained by using the distance to Virgo as determined by the Cepheid period-luminosity relation. This new D_n_-{sigma} relation leads to a peculiar velocity of -72 +/- 189 km s^-1^ for the Coma Cluster. The scatter in the distance relation corresponds to a distance error of about 20%, comparable to the values obtained for the fundamental plane relation. Correlations between the scatter and residuals of the D_n_-{sigma} relation with other parameters that characterize the cluster and/or the galaxy stellar population are also analyzed. The direct and inverse relations presented here have been used in recent studies of the peculiar velocity field mapped by the ENEAR all-sky sample. Key words: cosmology: observations - galaxies: clusters: general - large-scale structure of universe
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