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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-26 T19:26:11 PDT
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For refcode 2002ApJ...565..681R:
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2002ApJ...565..681R The H I Line Width/Linear Diameter Relationship as an Independent Test of the Hubble Constant David G. Russell 313 Anderson Hill Road, Candor, NY 13743; dgruss23@yahoo.com Received 2001 April 27; accepted 2001 October 8 ABSTRACT The relationship between corrected H I line widths and linear diameters (LW/LD) for spiral galaxies is used as an independent check on the value of the Hubble constant. After calibrating the Tully-Fisher (TF) relation in both the B and I bands, the B-band relation is used for galaxies of morphological/luminosity types Sc I, Sc I.2, Sc I.3, Sab, Sb, Sb I-II, and Sb II to derive the LW/LD relation. We find that for this sample the scatter in the LW/LD is smallest with a Hubble constant of 90-95 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^. Lower values of the Hubble constant produce a separation in the LW/LD relation that is a function of morphological type. Since a Hubble constant of 90-95 is significantly larger than the final Key Project value of 72 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^, a comparison of TF, surface brightness fluctuation (SBF), and fundamental plane (FP) is made. This comparison indicates that the Key Project TF distances to 21 clusters may be too large. For a sample of 11 clusters, the Key Project TF distances provide an unweighted mean Hubble constant of 77 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^, while a combination of the FP, SBF, and our TF distances for the same 11 clusters gives H_0_ = 91 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^. A more subtle result in our data is a morphological dichotomy in the Hubble constant. The data suggest that Sc I galaxies follow a Hubble constant of 90-95 while Sb galaxies follow a Hubble constant closer to 75 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^. Possible explanations for this result are considered, but it is shown that this Sb/Sc I Hubble flow discrepancy is also present in the Virgo Cluster and is consistent with previous investigations that indicate that some galaxies carry a component of age-related intrinsic redshift. Subject headings: distance scale - galaxies: clusters: individual (Virgo) - galaxies: distances and redshifts - galaxies: fundamental parameters
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