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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-04-24 T07:42:34 PDT
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For refcode 2003ApJ...591..167C:
Retrieve 49 NED objects in this reference.
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2003ApJ...591..167C Galaxy Populations and Evolution in Clusters. IV. Deep H I Observations of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies in the Virgo Cluster Conselice, Christopher J.; O'Neil, Karen; Gallagher, John S.; Wyse, Rosemary F. G. Abstract. In this paper we present deep Arecibo H I and WIYN optical observations of Virgo Cluster dwarf elliptical galaxies. Based on this data we argue that a significant fraction of low-mass galaxies in the Virgo Cluster recently underwent evolution. Our new observations consist of H I 21 cm line observations for 22 classified dE galaxies with optical radial velocities consistent with membership in the Virgo Cluster. Cluster members VCC 390 and VCC 1713 are detected with H I masses M_HI_=6 x 10^7^ and 8 x 10^7^ M_sun_, respectively, while M_HI_ values in the remaining 20 dE galaxies have upper limits as low as ~5 x 10^5^ M_sun_. We combine our results with those for 26 other Virgo Cluster dE galaxies with H I observations in the literature, seven of which have H I detection claims. New optical images from the WIYN telescope of five of these H I-detected dE galaxies, along with archival data, suggest that seven of the claimed detections are true H I detections, yielding a ~15% detection rate. These H I-detected, classified dE galaxies are preferentially located near the periphery of the Virgo Cluster. Three Virgo dE galaxies have observed H I velocity widths greater than 200 km s^-1^, possibly indicating the presence of a large dark matter content or transient extended H I. We discuss the possible origins of these objects and argue that they originate from field galaxies accreted onto high angular momentum orbits by Virgo in the last few Gyr. As a result of this, we argue, these galaxies are slowly transformed within the cluster by gradual gas-stripping processes, associated truncation of star formation, and passive fading of stellar populations. Low-mass, early-type cluster galaxies are therefore currently being produced as the product of cluster environmental effects. We utilize our results in a simple model to estimate the recent (past 1-3 Gyr) average mass accretion rate into the Virgo Cluster, deriving a value of M^dot^~50 M_sun_ yr^-1^. Keywords: Galaxies: Clusters: Individual: Name: Virgo, Galaxies: Elliptical and Lenticular, cD, Galaxies: Evolution, Galaxies: ISM
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