NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-18 T15:21:04 PDT
Help | Comment | NED Home

For refcode 2004ApJ...602..231C:
Retrieve 1463 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

NED Abstract

Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2004ApJ...602..231C Old and Young X-Ray Point Source Populations in Nearby Galaxies Edward J. M. Colbert, Timothy M. Heckman, Andrew F. Ptak, David K. Strickland, and Kimberly A. Weaver Abstract. We have analyzed Chandra ACIS observations of 32 nearby spiral and elliptical galaxies and present the results of 1441 X-ray point sources that were detected in these galaxies. The total point-source X-ray (0.3-8.0 keV) luminosity L_XP_ is well correlated with the B-band, K-band, and FIR+UV luminosities of spiral host galaxies and is well correlated with the B-band and K-band luminosities of elliptical galaxies. This suggests an intimate connection between L_XP_ and both the old and young stellar populations, for which K and FIR+UV luminosities are reasonable proxies for the galaxy mass M and star formation rate SFR. We derive proportionality constants {alpha}=1.3x10^29^ ergs s^-1^ M^-1^_sun_ and {beta}=0.7x10^39^ ergs s^-1^ (M_sun_ yr^-1^)^-1^, which can be used to estimate the old and young components from M and SFR, respectively. The cumulative X-ray luminosity functions for the point sources have significantly different slopes. For the spiral and starburst galaxies, {gamma}~0.6 - 0.8, and for the elliptical galaxies, {gamma}~1.4. This implies that the most luminous point sources - those withL_X_>~10^38^ergs s^-1^ - dominateL_XP_for the spiral and starburst galaxies. Most of the point sources have X-ray colors that are consistent with soft-spectrum (photon index {GAMMA}~1 - 2) low-mass X-ray binaries, accretion-powered black hole high-mass X-ray binaries (BH HMXBs), or ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs, also known as IXOs). We rule out hard-spectrum neutron star HMXBs (e.g., accretion-powered X-ray pulsars) as contributing much to L_XP_. Thus, for spirals, L_XP_ is dominated by ULXs and BH HMXBs. We find no discernible difference between the X-ray colors of ULXs (L_X_ >= 10^39^ ergs s^-1^) in spiral galaxies and point sources with L_X_~10^38^ - 10^39^ ergs s^-1^. We estimate that >~20% of all ULXs found in spirals originate from the older (Population II) stellar populations, indicating that many of the ULXs that have been found in spiral galaxies are in fact Population II ULXs, like those in elliptical galaxies. We find that L_XP_ depends linearly (within uncertainties) on both M and SFR for our sample galaxies (M<~10^11^ M_sun_ and SFR<~10 M_sun_ yr^-1^). Keywords: X-Rays: Binaries, X-Rays: Galaxies
Retrieve 1463 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

Back to NED Home