NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-25 T06:10:40 PDT
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For refcode 2004ApJ...603...42A:
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NED Abstract

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2004ApJ...603...42A Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei at the Highest Resolution: Jets or Accretion Flows? James M. Anderson, James S. Ulvestad, and Luis C. Ho Abstract. Six low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs) have been imaged at multiple frequencies from 1.7 to 43 GHz (2.3 - 15 GHz for three of the galaxies) using the Very Long Baseline Array. In spite of dynamic ranges of about 100 in several frequency bands, all six galaxies remain unresolved, with size limits at 8.4 GHz of 10^3^ - 10^4^ times the Schwarzschild radii of the black holes inferred at their galactic centers. The galaxy spectra are roughly flat from 1.7 to 43 GHz, rather than steepening to classical optically thin synchrotron spectra at high frequencies. Although the spectral slopes somewhat resemble predictions for advection-dominated accretion flows, the luminosities are too high for the black hole masses of the galaxies, and the slight spectral steepening at high frequencies cannot be explained by standard simple models of such accretion flows. In contrast, compact jets can accommodate the average spectral index, the relatively high radio luminosity, and the unresolved appearance, but only if the jets in all six galaxies are fairly close to our line of sight. This constraint is in agreement with inclination angle predictions for five of the six AGNs based on the dusty torus unification model. Keywords: Galaxies: Active, Galaxies: Nuclei, Galaxies: Seyfert, Radio Continuum: Galaxies
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