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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-24 T08:27:51 PDT
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For refcode 2004MNRAS.348..235P:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2004MNRAS.348..235P A test for the origin of quasar redshifts Popowski, Piotr; Weinzierl, Wolfgang Abstract. It is commonly accepted that quasar redshifts have a cosmological character and that most of the quasars are at Gpc distances. However, there are some cases where several quasars with completely different redshifts and a nearby active galaxy are aligned in a certain way or occupy a very small patch on the sky, which is claimed by some authors to be unlikely to happen by chance. Is there a small subset of quasars with non-cosmological redshifts? For quasars apparently associated with galaxies, we consider two scenarios for the origin of their redshift: (i) a change in the scale factor of the whole Universe (standard, cosmological scenario), and (II) a velocity-induced Doppler shift of the spectrum of a nearby object (local, ejection scenario). We argue for a simple astrometric test which can distinguish between these two sources of quasar redshifts by constraining their proper motions. We give the predictions for the maximum possible proper motions of a quasar for the cosmological and local scenarios of the origin of their redshifts. We apply these theoretical results to the Bukhmastova catalogue, which contains more than 8000 close quasi-stellar object-galaxy associations. In the standard interpretation of quasar redshifts, their typical proper motions are a fraction of {mu}as, and beyond the reach of planned astrometric missions such as GAIA and SIM. On the other hand, the quasars ejected from local active galactic nuclei at velocities close to the speed of light would have proper motions 5-6 orders of magnitude larger, which would easily be measurable with future astrometric missions, or even in some cases with HST, VLT and Keck telescope. The distributions of proper motions for the cosmological and local scenarios are very well separated. Moreover, the division corresponds nicely to the expected accuracy from GAIA and SIM. Keywords: relativity, astrometry, galaxies: active, quasars: general, cosmology: miscellaneous
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