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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-15 T20:42:03 PDT
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For refcode 2004MNRAS.348..261B:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2004MNRAS.348..261B Supernova 2002bo: inadequacy of the single parameter description Benetti, S.; Meikle, P.; Stehle, M.; Altavilla, G.; Desidera, S.; Folatelli, G.; Goobar, A.; Mattila, S.; Mendez, J.; Navasardyan, H.; Pastorello, A.; Patat, F.; Riello, M.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Tsvetkov, D.; Turatto, M.; Mazzali, P.; Hillebrandt, W. Abstract. We present optical/near-infrared photometry and spectra of the type Ia SN 2002bo spanning epochs from -13 d before maximum B-band light to +102 d after. The pre-maximum optical coverage is particularly complete. The extinction deduced from the observed colour evolution and from interstellar Na I D absorption is quite high, namely E(B-V) = 0.43 +/- 0.10. On the other hand, model matches to the observed spectra point to a lower reddening [E(B-V) ~ 0.30]. In some respects, SN 2002bo behaves as a typical 'Branch normal' type Ia supernova (SN Ia) at optical and infrared wavelengths. We find a B-band risetime of 17.9 +/- 0.5 d, a {DELTA}m_15_(B) of 1.13 +/- 0.05, and a dereddened M_B_=-19.41 +/- 0.42. However, comparison with other type Ia supernovae having similar {DELTA}m_15_(B) values indicates that in other respects SN 2002bo is unusual. While the optical spectra of SN 2002bo are very similar to those of SN 1984A [{DELTA}m_15_(B) = 1.19], lower velocities and a generally more structured appearance are found in SNe 1990N, 1994D and 1998bu. For supernovae having {DELTA}m_15_(B) > 1.2, we confirm the variation of with {DELTA}m_15_(B). However, for supernovae such as SN 2002bo, with lower values of {DELTA}m_15_(B) the relation breaks down. Moreover, the evolution of for SN 2002bo is strikingly different from that shown by other type Ia supernovae. The velocities of SN 2002bo and 1984A derived from S II 5640 A, Si II 6355 A and Ca II H and K lines are either much higher and/or evolve differently from those seen in other normal SNe Ia events. Thus, while SN 2002bo and SN 1984A appear to be highly similar, they exhibit behaviour which is distinctly different from other SNe Ia having similar {DELTA}m_15_(B) values. We suggest that the unusually low temperature, the presence of high-velocity intermediate-mass elements and the low abundance of carbon at early times indicates that burning to Si penetrated to much higher layers than in more normal type Ia supernovae. This may be indicative of a delayed detonation explosion. Keywords: supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: 2002bo
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