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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-22 T20:03:18 PDT
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For refcode 2005ApJ...627..674A:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2005ApJ...627..674A The Size of the Radio-Emitting Region in Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei Anderson, James M.; Ulvestad, James S. We have used the VLA to study radio variability among a sample of 18 low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (LLAGNs) on timescales of a few hours to 10 days. The goal was to measure or limit the sizes of the LLAGN radio-emitting regions in order to use the size measurements as input to models of the radio emission mechanisms in LLAGNs. We detect variability on typical timescales of a few days at a confidence level of 99% in half the target galaxies. Either variability that is intrinsic to the radio-emitting regions or that is caused by scintillation in the Galactic interstellar medium is consistent with the data. For either interpretation, the brightness temperature of the emission is below the inverse Compton limit for all our LLAGNs and has a mean value of about 10^10^ K. The variability measurements plus VLBI upper limits imply that the typical angular size of the LLAGN radio cores at 8.5 GHz is 0.2 mas, plus or minus a factor of 2. The ~10^10^ K brightness temperature strongly suggests that a population of high-energy nonthermal electrons must be present, in addition to a hypothesized thermal population in an accretion flow, in order to produce the observed radio emission. Keywords: Galaxies: Active, Galaxies: Jets, Galaxies: Photometry, Radiation Mechanisms: General, Radio Continuum: Galaxies
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