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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-23 T02:07:10 PDT
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For refcode 2005ApJ...630L..21R:
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2005ApJ...630L..21R Metal-poor Globular Clusters and the Formation of Their Host Galaxies Katherine L. Rhode, Stephen E. Zepf, and Michael R. Santos Abstract. We have determined the total numbers and specific frequencies of blue, metal-poor globular clusters (GCs) in eight spiral and early-type galaxies. These data, along with five measurements from the literature, show a trend of increasing blue GC specific frequency with increasing mass of the host galaxy. The increase is not accounted for in a simple galaxy formation model in which elliptical galaxies and their GC systems are formed by the merger of typical spiral galaxies. The data appear broadly consistent with hierarchical formation scenarios in which metal-poor GCs are formed over a finite period in the early universe during the initial stages of galaxy assembly. In this picture, the observed trend is related to biasing, in the sense that the more massive galaxies of today began assembling earlier and therefore formed relatively more GCs during this early epoch of metal-poor GC formation. We discuss how comparisons of the observed specific frequency of metal-poor GCs with model calculations can constrain the formation redshift of these objects. Keywords: Galaxies: Elliptical and Lenticular, cD, Galaxies: Formation, Galaxies: Spiral, Galaxies: Star Clusters
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