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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-26 T04:58:39 PDT
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For refcode 2005ApJ...631..785P:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2005ApJ...631..785P On the Relation between Circular Velocity and Central Velocity Dispersion in High and Low Surface Brightness Galaxies A. Pizzella, E. M. Corsini, E. Dalla Bonta, M. Sarzi, L. Coccato, and F. Bertola Abstract. In order to investigate the correlation between the circular velocity V_c_ and the central velocity dispersion of the spheroidal component {sigma}_c_, we analyzed these quantities for a sample of 40 high surface brightness (HSB) disk galaxies, eight giant low surface brightness (LSB) spiral galaxies, and 24 elliptical galaxies characterized by flat rotation curves. Galaxies have been selected to have a velocity gradient <=2 km s^-1^ kpc^-1^ for R >= 0.35R_25_. We used these data to better define the previous V_c_-{sigma}_c_ correlation for spiral galaxies (which turned out to be HSB) and elliptical galaxies, especially at the lower end of the {sigma}_c_ values. We find that the V_c_-{sigma}_c_ relation is described by a linear law out to velocity dispersions as low as {sigma}_c_~50 km s^-1^, while in previous works a power law was adopted for galaxies with {sigma}_c_>80 km s^-1^. Elliptical galaxies with V_c_ based on dynamical models or directly derived from the H i rotation curves follow the same relation as the HSB galaxies in the V_c_-{sigma}_c_ plane. On the other hand, the LSB galaxies follow a different relation, since most of them show either higher V_c_ or lower {sigma}_c_ with respect to the HSB galaxies. This argues against the relevance of baryon collapse to the radial density profile of the dark matter halos of LSB galaxies. Moreover, if the V_c_-{sigma}_c_ relation is equivalent to one between the mass of the dark matter halo and that of the supermassive black hole, then these results suggest that the LSB galaxies host a supermassive black hole (SMBH) with a smaller mass compared to HSB galaxies with an equal dark matter halo. On the other hand, if the fundamental correlation of SMBH mass is with the halo circular velocity, then LSB galaxies should have larger black hole masses for a given bulge dispersion. Elliptical galaxies with V_c_ derived from H i data and LSB galaxies were not considered in previous studies. Key words: Black Hole Physics, Galaxies: Elliptical and Lenticular, cD, Galaxies: Fundamental Parameters, Galaxies: Halos, Galaxies: Kinematics and Dynamics, Galaxies: Spiral
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