NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-19 T10:12:07 PDT
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For refcode 2006MNRAS.366..767F:
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NED Abstract

Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2006MNRAS.366..767F Revisiting the infrared spectra of active galactic nuclei with a new torus emission model Fritz, J.; Franceschini, A.; Hatziminaoglou, E. Abstract. We describe improved modelling of the emission by dust in a toroidal-like structure heated by a central illuminating source within active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We have chosen a simple but realistic torus geometry, a flared disc, and a dust grain distribution function including a full range of grain sizes. The optical depth within the torus is computed in detail taking into account the different sublimation temperatures of the silicate and graphite grains, which solves previously reported inconsistencies in the silicate emission feature in type 1 AGNs. We exploit this model to study the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 58 extragalactic (both type 1 and type 2) sources using archival optical and infrared data. We find that both AGN and starburst contributions are often required to reproduce the observed SEDs, although in a few cases they are very well fitted by a pure AGN component. The AGN contribution to the far-infrared luminosity is found to be higher in type 1 sources, with all the type 2 requiring a substantial contribution from a circumnuclear starburst. Our results appear in agreement with the AGN unified scheme, because the distributions of key parameters of the torus models turn out to be compatible for type 1 and type 2 AGNs. Further support to the unification concept comes from comparison with medium-resolution infrared spectra of type 1 AGNs by the Spitzer observatory, showing evidence for a moderate silicate emission around 10 micron, which our code reproduces. From our analysis we infer accretion flows in the inner nucleus of local AGNs characterized by high equatorial optical depths (A_V_~= 100), moderate sizes (R_max_ < 100 pc) and very high covering factors (f~= 80 per cent) on average. Key words: radiative transfer, galaxies: active, galaxies: individual: Circinus, galaxies: individual: NGC 1068, galaxies: individual: Mrk 231, galaxies: starburst
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