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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-04-23 T00:53:26 PDT
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For refcode 2006MNRAS.370.1213C:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2006MNRAS.370.1213C Central stellar populations of early-type galaxies in low-density environments Collobert, Maela, Sarzi, Marc, Davies, Roger L.; Kuntschner, Harald; Colless, Matthew Abstract. Following the pilot study of Kuntschner et al., we have investigated the properties of a volume- and magnitude-limited (cz< 10 000 km s^-1^, b_J_< 16) sample of early-type galaxies that were carefully selected from the Anglo-Australian Observatory (AAO) two-degree field galaxy redshift survey (2dFGRS) to have no more than one and five companions within 1 and 2 Mpc, respectively. We used images from the Digital Sky Survey (DSS) to confirm the E/S0 morphologies. We augmented this sample with field galaxies from Colbert et al. selected as having no neighbour within 1 Mpc and +/- 1000 km s^-1^. We present spectroscopic observations of 22 galaxies from the combined sample, from which central velocity dispersions and the Lick stellar population indices were measured. After carefully correcting the spectra for nebular emission, we derived luminosity-weighted ages, metallicities and {alpha}-element abundance ratios. We compare these isolated galaxies with samples of early-type galaxies in the Virgo and Coma clusters, and also with the previous sample of galaxies in low-density regions of Kuntschner et al. We find that galaxies in low-density environments are younger and have a greater spread of ages compared to cluster galaxies. They also show a wider range of metallicities at a given velocity dispersion than cluster galaxies, which display only supersolar metallicities. On average cluster, as well as, isolated galaxies show non-solar abundance ratios in {alpha} elements, suggesting that, independent of galactic environment, star formation occurred on short time-scales. However, the abundance ratios for our low-density environment sample galaxies do not scale with the stellar velocity dispersion as observed in clusters. In fact we detect a large spread at a given velocity dispersion even reaching solar abundance ratios. The metallicity of isolated early-type galaxies is found to correlate weakly with {sigma}. We reason that early-type galaxies in low-density environments experienced merging-induced star formation episodes over a longer and more recent period of time compared to a cluster environment, and speculate that a considerable fraction of their stars formed out of low-metallicity halo gaseous material during the slow growth of a stellar disc between merging events. Key words: galaxies: abundances,galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD,galaxies: evolution,galaxies: formation
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