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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-26 T18:16:20 PDT
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For refcode 2007ApJ...658..328R:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2007ApJ...658..328R The Progenitors of Planetary Nebulae in Dwarf Irregular Galaxies Michael G. Richer and Marshall L. McCall Abstract. We present chemical abundances for planetary nebulae and H II regions in the Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 6822 based on spectroscopy obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope using the Multi-Object Spectrograph. From these and similar data compiled from the literature for planetary nebulae in the Magellanic Clouds, Sextans A, Sextans B, and Leo A, we consider the origin and evolution of the stellar progenitors of bright planetary nebulae in dwarf irregular galaxies. On average, the oxygen abundance observed in the bright planetary nebulae in these galaxies coincides with that measured in the ISM, indicating that, in general, the bright planetary nebulae in dwarf irregulars descend primarily, although not exclusively, from stars formed in the relatively recent past. We also find that the ratio of neon to oxygen abundances in these bright planetary nebulae is identical to that measured in the ISM, indicating that neither abundance is significantly altered as a result of the evolution of their stellar progenitors. We do find two planetary nebulae, that in Sextans A and S33 in NGC 6822, where oxygen appears to have been dredged up, but these are the exception rather than the rule. In fact, we find that even nitrogen is not always dredged up, so it appears that the dredge-up of oxygen is uncommon for the abundance range of the sample. Key words: Galaxies: Abundances, Galaxies: Individual: NGC 6822, Galaxies: Irregular, ISM: Abundances, ISM: Planetary Nebulae: General, Stars: Evolution
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