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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-04-24 T15:06:09 PDT
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For refcode 2007ApJS..173..538T:
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2007ApJS..173..538T A Search for Extended Ultraviolet Disk (XUV-Disk) Galaxies in the Local Universe Thilker, David A.; Bianchi, Luciana; Meurer, Gerhardt; Gil de Paz, Armando; Boissier, Samuel; Madore, Barry F.; Boselli, Alessandro; Ferguson, Annette M. N.; Munoz-Mateos, Juan Carlos; Madsen, Greg J.; Hameed, Salman; Overzier, Roderik A.; Forster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Martin, D. Christopher; Morrissey, Patrick; Neff, Susan G.; Schiminovich, David; Seibert, Mark; Small, Todd; Wyder, Ted K.; Donas, Jose; Heckman, Timothy M.; Lee, Young-Wook; Milliard, Bruno; Rich, R. Michael; Szalay, Alex S.; Welsh, Barry Y.; Yi, Sukyoung K. Abstract. We have initiated a search for extended ultraviolet disk (XUV-disk) galaxies in the local universe. Here we compare GALEX UV and visible-NIR images of 189 nearby (D<40 Mpc) S0-Sm galaxies included in the GALEX Atlas of Nearby Galaxies and present the first catalog of XUV-disk galaxies. We find that XUV-disk galaxies are surprisingly common but have varied relative (UV/optical) extent and morphology. Type 1 objects (>~20% incidence) have structured, UV-bright/optically faint emission features in the outer disk, beyond the traditional star formation threshold. Type 2 XUV-disk galaxies (~10% incidence) exhibit an exceptionally large, UV-bright/optically low surface brightness (LSB) zone having blue UV-K_s_ outside the effective extent of the inner, older stellar population, but not reaching extreme galactocentric distance. If the activity occurring in XUV-disks is episodic, a higher fraction of present-day spirals could be influenced by such outer disk star formation. Type 1 disks are associated with spirals of all types, whereas Type 2 XUV-disks are predominantly found in late-type spirals. Type 2 XUV-disks are forming stars quickly enough to double their (currently low) stellar mass in the next Gyr (assuming a constant star formation rate). XUV-disk galaxies of both types are systematically more gas-rich than the general galaxy population. Minor external perturbation may stimulate XUV-disk incidence, at least for Type 1 objects. XUV-disks are the most actively evolving galaxies growing via inside-out disk formation in the current epoch, and may constitute a segment of the galaxy population experiencing significant, continued gas accretion from the intergalactic medium or neighboring objects. Key words: Galaxies: Evolution, Ultraviolet: Galaxies
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