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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-20 T04:41:04 PDT
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For refcode 2008A&A...483..161T:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
2008A&A...483..161T Tracing a disk wind in NGC 3516 Turner, T. J.; Reeves, J. N.; Kraemer, S. B.; Miller, L. Abstract. Context: X-ray spectra of AGN often contain signatures indicative of absorption in multiple layers of gas whose ionization-state and covering fraction may vary with time. It has been unclear to date how much of the observed X-ray spectral and timing behavior in AGN can be attributed to variations in absorption, versus variations in the strengths of emission or reflection components. Diagnostics of the inner regions of AGN cannot be reliably performed until the origin of observed effects is understood. Aims: We investigate the role of the X-ray absorbers in the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 3516. Methods: Time-averaged and flux-selected spectroscopy is used to examine the behavior of NGC 3516 observed in Chandra HETG and XMM data from Oct. 2006. Results: New H-like and He-like emission and absorption features discovered in the Fe K regime reveal a previously unknown zone of circumnuclear gas in NGC 3516 with logi ~ 4.3 and column density 10^23^ cm^-2^. A lower-ionization layer with logi ~ 2 and of similar column density is confirmed from previous observations, this layer has a covering fraction around 50%, and changes in covering provide a simple explanation of a deep dip in the light curve that we interpret as an eclipse of the continuum due to passage of a cloud across the sight line within half a day. These inner zones of absorbing gas are detected to have outflow velocities in the range 1000-2000 km s^-1^, this, and constraints on radial location are consistent with an origin as part of a disk wind in NGC 3516. Key words: X-rays: galaxies, black hole physics, galaxies: Seyfert
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