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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-20 T14:55:42 PDT
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For refcode 2008ApJS..177..465F:
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2008ApJS..177..465F The Long-Term Variability of the X-Ray Sources in NGC 6946 and NGC 4485/4490 Fridriksson, Joel K.; Homan, Jeroen; Lewin, Walter H. G.; Kong, Albert K. H.; Pooley, David Abstract. We analyze data from five Chandra observations of the spiral galaxy NGC 6946 and from three Chandra observations of the irregular/spiral interacting galaxy pair NGC 4485/4490, with an emphasis on investigating the long-term variability exhibited by the source populations. We detect 90 point sources coincident with NGC 6946 down to luminosities of a few times 10^36^ ergs s^-1^, and 38 sources coincident with NGC 4485/90 down to a luminosity of ~1 x 10^37^ ergs s^-1^. Twenty-five (15) sources in NGC 6946 (NGC 4485/90) exhibit long-term (i.e., weeks to years) variability in luminosity; 11 (4) are transient candidates. The single ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) in NGC 6946 and all but one of the eight ULXs in NGC 4485/90 exhibit long-term flux variability. Two of the ULXs in NGC 4485/90 have not been identified before as ultraluminous sources. The widespread variability in both systems is indicative of the populations being dominated by X-ray binaries, and this is supported by the X-ray colors of the sources. The distribution of colors among the sources indicates a large fraction of high-mass X-ray binaries in both systems. The shapes of the X-ray luminosity functions of the galaxies do not change significantly between observations and can be described by power laws with cumulative slopes ~0.6-0.7 (NGC 6946) and ~0.4 (NGC 4485/90). Key words: Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 6946, Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 4485, Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 4490, X-Rays: Binaries, X-Rays: Galaxies
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