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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-07-21 T19:56:34 PDT
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For refcode 2009A&A...494..489J:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
2009A&A...494..489J Kinematic modeling of disk galaxies. III. The warped "Spindle" NGC 2685 Jozsa, G. I. G.; Oosterloo, T. A.; Morganti, R.; Klein, U.; Erben, T. Abstract. This is the third of a series of papers in which the structure and kinematics of disk galaxies is studied. By employing direct tilted-ring fits to the data cube as introduced in Paper I, we analyzed the "Spindle" galaxy NGC 2685, previously regarded as a two-ringed polar ring galaxy. Deep H I and optical (i'-band) observations are presented. The H I observations strongly suggest that the gaseous structure of NGC 2685 does not consist of two separate mutually inclined regions, but forms a coherent, extremely warped disk, the appearance of two rings being due to projection effects. By comparing the H I total-intensity maps with the optical image, we demonstrate that at large radii a faint stellar disk is well aligned with the outer H I disk. The shape of the dust lanes obscuring the NE part of the inner stellar body indicates that, also at smaller radii, NGC 2685 possesses a disk containing gas, dust, and stars in which the various constituents are aligned. At smaller radii, this disk is kinematically decoupled from the central stellar body; hence, in the region of the bright, central stellar body, NGC 2685 appears to consist of two disks that share a common center, but have different orientation: a bright stellar lenticular body apparently devoid of dust and gas, and a heavily warped low-surface brightness disk containing stars, gas, and dust. The low-surface-brightness disk changes its orientation gradually and at large radii assumes the orientation of the central stellar S0 disk. Since, according to our analysis, the intrinsic orientation of the low-surface-brightness disk changes through 70^degree^, the gaseous disk is coherent, and is at no radius oriented perpendicularly with respect to the central stellar body, NGC 2685 is not likely to be a classical polar-ring galaxy. Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: structure, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: peculiar, galaxies: individual: NGC 2685
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