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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-15 T18:17:44 PDT
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For refcode 2009A&A...500..999A:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
2009A&A...500..999A XMM-Newton observations of Seyfert galaxies from the Palomar spectroscopic survey: the X-ray absorption distribution Akylas, A.; Georgantopoulos, I. Abstract. We present XMM-Newton spectral analysis of all 38 Seyfert galaxies from the Palomar spectroscopic sample of galaxies. These are found at distances of up to 67 Mpc and cover the absorbed 2-10 keV luminosity range ~10^38^-10^43^ erg s^-1^. Our aim is to determine the distribution of the X-ray absorption in the local Universe. Three of these are Compton-thick with column densities just above 10^24^ cm^-2^ and high equivalent width FeK{alpha} lines (>700 eV). Five more sources have low values of the X-ray to [OIII] flux ratio suggesting that they could be associated with obscured nuclei. Their individual spectra show neither high absorbing columns nor flat spectral indices. However, their stacked spectrum reveals an absorbing column density of N_H_ ~ 10^23^ cm^-2^. Therefore the fraction of absorbed sources (>10^22^ cm^-2^) could be as high as 55+/-12%. A number of Seyfert-2 appear to host unabsorbed nuclei. These are associated with low-luminosity sources L_X_ < 3x10^41^ erg s^-1^. Their stacked spectrum again shows no absorption while inspection of the Chandra images, where available, shows that contamination from nearby sources does not affect the XMM-Newton spectra in most cases. Nevertheless, such low luminosity sources are not contributing significantly to the X-ray background flux. When we consider only the brighter, >10^41^ erg s^-1^, 21 sources, we find that the fraction of absorbed nuclei rises to 75+/-19% while that of Compton-thick sources to 15-20%. The fraction of Compton-thick AGN is lower than that predicted by the X-ray background synthesis model in the same luminosity and redshift range. Key words: surveys, X-rays: galaxies, X-rays: general
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