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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-17 T22:43:07 PDT
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For refcode 2009ApJ...698..198G:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2009ApJ...698..198G The M-{sigma} and M-L Relations in Galactic Bulges, and Determinations of Their Intrinsic Scatter Gultekin, Kayhan; Richstone, Douglas O.; Gebhardt, Karl; Lauer, Tod R.; Tremaine, Scott; Aller, M. C.; Bender, Ralf; Dressler, Alan; Faber, S. M.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Green, Richard; Ho, Luis C.; Kormendy, John; Magorrian, John; Pinkney, Jason; Siopis, Christos Abstract. We derive improved versions of the relations between supermassive black hole mass (M_BH_) and host-galaxy bulge velocity dispersion ({sigma}) and luminosity (L; the M-{sigma} and M-L relations), based on 49 M_BH_ measurements and 19 upper limits. Particular attention is paid to recovery of the intrinsic scatter ({epsilon}_0_) in both relations. We find log(M_BH_/M_sun_) = {alpha} + {beta}log({sigma}/200 km s^-1^) with ({alpha}, {beta}, {epsilon}_0_) = (8.12 +/- 0.08, 4.24 +/- 0.41, 0.44 +/- 0.06) for all galaxies and ({alpha}, {beta}, {epsilon}_0_) = (8.23 +/- 0.08, 3.96 +/- 0.42, 0.31 +/- 0.06) for ellipticals. The results for ellipticals are consistent with previous studies, but the intrinsic scatter recovered for spirals is significantly larger. The scatter inferred reinforces the need for its consideration when calculating local black hole mass function based on the M-{sigma} relation, and further implies that there may be substantial selection bias in studies of the evolution of the M-{sigma} relation. We estimate the M-L relationship as log(M_BH_/M_sun_) = {alpha} + {beta}log(L_V_ /10^11^ L_sun,V_) of ({alpha}, {beta}, {epsilon}_0_) = (8.95 +/- 0.11, 1.11 +/- 0.18, 0.38 +/- 0.09); using only early-type galaxies. These results appear to be insensitive to a wide range of assumptions about the measurement errors and the distribution of intrinsic scatter. We show that culling the sample according to the resolution of the black hole's sphere of influence biases the relations to larger mean masses, larger slopes, and incorrect intrinsic residuals. Key words: black hole physics, galaxies: general, galaxies: nuclei, galaxies: statistics, stellar dynamics
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