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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-07-21 T10:14:03 PDT
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For refcode 2009MNRAS.398...23W:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2009MNRAS.398...23W Constraints on turbulent pressure in the X-ray haloes of giant elliptical galaxies from resonant scattering Werner, N.; Zhuravleva, I.; Churazov, E.; Simionescu, A.; Allen, S. W.; Forman, W.; Jones, C.; Kaastra, J. S. Abstract. The dense cores of X-ray emitting gaseous haloes of large elliptical galaxies with temperatures kT <~ 0.8 keV show two prominent FeXVII emission features, which provide a sensitive diagnostic tool to measure the effects of resonant scattering. We present here high-resolution spectra of five bright nearby elliptical galaxies, obtained with the reflection grating spectrometers (RGS) on the XMM-Newton satellite. The spectra for the cores of four of the galaxies show the FeXVII line at 15.01 A being suppressed by resonant scattering. The data for NGC 4636 in particular allow the effects of resonant scattering to be studied in detail and to prove that the 15.01 A line is suppressed only in the dense core and not in the surrounding regions. Using deprojected density and temperature profiles for this galaxy obtained with the Chandra satellite, we model the radial intensity profiles of the strongest resonance lines, accounting for the effects of resonant scattering, for different values of the characteristic turbulent velocity. Comparing the model to the data, we find that the isotropic turbulent velocities on spatial scales smaller than ~1 kpc are less than 100 km s^-1^ and the turbulent pressure support in the galaxy core is smaller than 5 per cent of the thermal pressure at the 90 per cent confidence level, and less than 20 per cent at 95 per cent confidence. Neglecting the effects of resonant scattering in spectral fitting of the inner 2 kpc core of NGC 4636 will lead to underestimates of the chemical abundances of Fe and O by ~10-20 per cent. Key words: turbulence, galaxies: abundances, cooling flows, X-rays: galaxies, X-rays: individual: NGC 4636, NGC 4649, NGC 5813, NGC 1404, NGC 4472
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