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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-17 T18:13:38 PDT
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For refcode 2010A&A...514A.100M:
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Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
2010A&A...514A.100M The warm absorber and X-ray variability of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 3516 as seen by the XMM-Newton RGS Mehdipour, M.; Branduardi-Raymont, G.; Page, M. J. Abstract. Aims: We present a new analysis of the soft and medium energy X-ray spectrum of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 3516 taken with the Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) and European Photon Imaging Camera (EPIC) on board the XMM-Newton observatory. We examine four observations made in October 2006. We investigate whether the observed variability is due to absorption by the warm absorber and/or is intrinsic to the source emission. Methods: We analyse in detail the EPIC-pn and RGS spectra of each observation separately. Results: The warm absorber in NGC 3516 is found to consist of three phases of ionisation, two of which have outflow velocities of more than 1000 km s^-1^. The third phase (the least ionised one) is much slower at 100 km s^-1^. One of the high ionisation phases, with log {xi} of 2.4, is found to have a partial covering fraction of about 60%. It has previously been suggested that the passage of a cloud, part of a disc wind, in front of the source (producing a change in the covering fraction) was the cause of a significant dip in the lightcurve during one of the observations. From our modelling of the EPIC-pn and RGS spectra, we find that variation in the covering fraction cannot be solely responsible for this. We show that intrinsic change in the source continuum plays a much more significant role in explaining the observed flux and spectral variability than originally thought. Key words: galaxies: active, galaxies: Seyfert, galaxies: individual: NGC 3516, X-rays: galaxies, techniques: spectroscopic
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